PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2008
JHPIEGO will assist the Ministry of Health (MoH) to complete the roll out of the performance and quality
improvement initiative in infection prevention to all districts in an effort to reduce HIV and possible Hepatitis
B transmission among health providers in health facilities. This will be achieved through facilitating
sensitization meetings, training quality improvement and assurance support teams in infection prevention
(IP), conducting baseline assessments at the facilities, conducting monitoring and supervision at facilities,
addressing identified IP gaps with available resources, and working with District Health Management Teams
(DHMT's) to ensure they budget sufficient funds to guarantee the availability of adequate and consistent
supply of IP commodities. Target population for the program is the general population. These activities wrap
around performance and quality improvement work to be undertaken by JHPIEGO with family planning and
maternal and child health funding.
Since 2002, JHPIEGO Malawi has worked with MoH Nursing Division and the National Quality Assurance
Steering Committee (NQASC) to improve IP practices in hospitals throughout Malawi. As the JHPIEGO
bilateral agreement comes to an end in September 2007, the follow-on activities in this area will be
undertaken through a central agreement with JHPIEGO. Among the critical activities to be completed is the
roll out of the national IP guidelines and standards to all health facilities.
To date, the PQI/IP process has been introduced in 35 hospitals. Improvements have been documented in
all hospitals and nine have achieved recognition by MoH. JHPIEGO will continue to roll out this initiative to
other facilities and support the existing facilities to achieve recognition status.
Activity 1: Development of National Guidelines
JHPIEGO will build on the assistance provided through the previous JHPIEGO bilateral project to help the
MoH in developing national guidelines and standards for IP. The infection prevention standards cover 14
departments of the hospital that includes the operating theater, labor/maternity wards, medical wards,
surgical wards, casualty department, laboratory, dental, and family planning clinics; and these are being
implemented in 35 health facilities covering all central and district hospitals. Two thousand and twelve
health workers in Malawi have been trained in injection safety with technical support from JHPIEGO and
other USG partners MSH and Save the Children. With FY 2008 funding, JHPIEGO will provide support in
increasing the capacity of health care institution workers to prevent occupational exposure to HIV, Hepatitis
B and other infections including hospital-based nosocomial infections. The first activity is to provide
supportive supervision to the existing 35 hospitals throughout Malawi that have already been introduced to
the national IP standards so that a maximum number of sites receive certification as meeting MoH infection
prevention standards and guidelines. These activities will be coordinated with activities carried out by USG
partner Pact Malawi (ID#17396)
Activity 2: Technical Assistance
JHPIEGO will expand the provision of technical assistance to the MoH to adapt the standards to be
applicable at the Health Center levels so that correct IP practices can be extended. As part of this process,
JHPIEGO will also assist the Reproductive Health Unit (RHU) and the Nursing Directorate to create a
method of recognition and certification for Health Centers which achieve IP standards.
Activity 3: IP Standards
JHPIEGO will work with stakeholders at the district level to roll out IP standards to the Health Center level.
JHPIEGO will demonstrate this process in 15 Health Centers and encourage MoH, DHMTs, and other
partners to take up this initiative.
Activity 4: Training in Injection Safety
JHPIEGO will train 180 health care workers in safe injection practices and universal precautions as well as
introduce health care workers to procedures for using post exposure prophylaxis (PEP). Four training
sessions will be held at these 15 sites, and three members at each facility will be trained. JHPIEGO will
continue to work with the existing 35 hospitals to address multiple underlying factors affecting facilities'
ability to meet their IP goals. Pact Malawi will extend this training and disseminate PEP information to
greater numbers of health care workers (see Pact Injection safety narrative).
This funding will go specifically to support hospital staff training in providing injection safety and hospital
supervisory staff training in ensuring a minimum quality standard for services.