PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2011
URCs strategy for strengthening laboratory services builds on the following principals: ensuring strong country ownership; integrating project activities within Swazilands health systems to ensure long-term program sustainability; capacity building through training/mentoring lab staff in quality assurance/quality management on both general lab-related and TB diagnostic services; linking project activities with other PEPFAR and donor funded initiatives to increase returns on USG investments in the country; and working with GKOS and other partners to ensure that laboratory services are strengthened as an important component to TB/HIV services. The two URC/USG projects share costs of offices, procurement and financial management systems making the program to be cost efficient. URC will collaborate with other PEPFAR partners to assist in the implementation of a comprehensive Laboratory Information Systems. URC also provides direct TA and support to Laboratory organizational leadership in implementation of the 5 year laboratory strategic development plan (2008-2013) and policy, and enhance capacity development for laboratory supervisors. Quarterly reviews meetings facilitate data reviews and quality improvement. Support is also given to attend regional and international trainings. In addition, URC will assist with the implementation of external quality assurance (proficiency testing) for all test parameters including HIV Rapid Testing and TB microscopy countrywide. The final stage of their intervention will be performing of internal audits to determine readiness for accreditation, followed by facilitation of a formal accreditation process. Experience shows that quality services and compliance to standards only occurs when adequate support and mentoring is in place.
The project will support TB/HIV laboratory related activities that aim at: standardizing TB/HIV best laboratory practices and provide associated training; providing for uniform quality assurance measures among laboratories; working with NCLS to standardize equipment (introduce new technologies and equipment), commodities, and supportive maintenance training; and supporting capacity building for a unified approach to procurement and distribution of laboratory commodities. The project will strive to ensure an adequate number of clinical laboratories perform quality testing for TB/HIV/AIDS diagnostics and monitoring tests for care and treatment services. The project will also assist to strengthen referral transport systems for specimens and implement practical and sustainable quality management systems by conducting laboratory management training programs and assisting in the adoption of the WHO Laboratory accreditation scheme (utilizing a stepwise approach for reference and peripheral laboratories).
The lab project will work together with the NCLS to develop and strengthen laboratory systems and facilities to support TB/HIV/AIDS-related activities including: strengthening of laboratory leadership and management; purchase of equipment and commodities; strengthening of laboratory supply and equipment management systems; promotion of quality management systems, laboratory monitoring and evaluation, and laboratory information systems; and provision of staff training and other technical assistance. The project will continue to support SLMTA (strengthening laboratory management towards accreditation) trainings. The project will also support 8 additional laboratory sites to start the process of accreditation. These are Phocweni, Piggs Peak, RFM, Good Shepherd, Hlatikhulu, Siphofaneni, Baylor and National TB hospital. In addition the project will continue working with NRL towards attaining accreditation stars to the 8 laboratories which are namely HIV Molecular/EID Referral Lab, Clinical chemistry Lab, Hematology lab, Microbiology lab, Flowcytometry Lab, Cytology/Histology Lab, Immunochemistry referral lab, TB Reference Lab.