Detailed Mechanism Funding and Narrative

Years of mechanism: 2008 2009

Details for Mechanism ID: 1409
Country/Region: Zambia
Year: 2009
Main Partner: Pact, Inc.
Main Partner Program: NA
Organizational Type: Private Contractor
Funding Agency: USAID
Total Funding: $480,000

Funding for Sexual Prevention: Abstinence/Be Faithful (HVAB): $480,000

This is a Track 1.0 multi-country Abstinence Behavior Change for Youth (ABY) activity that links with other

United States Government (USG) ABY partners, including International Youth Foundation/ Empowering

Africa's Young People Initiative, Health Communication Partnership (HCP), and CHANGES2. This activity

supports both the National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Strategic Framework and the PEPFAR goals of abstinence,

and behavior change for youth as a means of preventing the transmission and spread of HIV.

The focus of the Y-Choices HIV/AIDS prevention program is to promote abstinence and being faithful

among in-school and out-of-school youth aged 10-24, through peer education. The program is

implemented through sub-grantees including non-governmental organizations, community-based

organizations, and faith-based organizations. FY 2009 funds will be used to provide ABY sub-grants to at

least five (05) sub-grantees that will be competitively selected from the FY 2007 and 2008 Y-Choices sub-

grantees that have historically performed well. Currently, Y-Choices and its sub-partners are working in five

rural provinces: Central, Luapula, North-Western, Southern, and Western.

Utilizing the networking approach to HIV/AIDS programming, ABY sub-grantees will collaborate with other

stakeholders in the field to ensure quality services for youth and to avoid duplication of efforts. Referrals will

be encouraged to ensure that sexually active young people who require counseling and testing (CT),

condom services and other HIV/AIDS related services are referred to partner organizations providing these

services within the coverage area.

Y-Choices Abstinence and Be faithful for Youth activities are conducted through schools and community

Anti-AIDS clubs at the district/community level, and are guided by the school matrons and patrons who

were trained as adult mentors by the Y-Choices project. ABY sites are identified through a consultative

process with district local leadership and stakeholders such as District AIDS Task Forces, District Education

Boards, and District Health structures.

In FY 2008, the program had four sub-grantees and by mid-year had reached approximately 25,848 youth

with AB messages and 23,587 youth with Abstinence-only messages. A total of 172 persons were trained

to reach out to the youth along with their guardians/parents with AB messages in 101 sites. In FY 2009, Y-

Choices will implement ABY activities in 100 new sites. Each of the five sub-grantees will cover ten schools

and ten surrounding communities. A total of 1,000 peer educators and 250 adult mentors will also be

trained in these sites. The project will reach 50,000 youth with AB messages and 43,750 youth with

abstinence-only messages. Approximately 60% of the total youth reached will be girls.

In FY 2009, the major thrust of the program will be to continue supporting the in-school, community and

church based peer-to-peer education and child mentoring outreach by peer educators and adult mentors.

At the same time, efforts will be made to ensure program sustainability at all levels of program

implementation by increasing personnel skills and capacities in program implementation and management.

In addition, the school, church and community HIV/AIDS clubs will be supported with enough information,

education, communication (IEC) materials to be used even after end of the program. The peer educators

will provide age appropriate AB messages to fellow peers through outreach activities. The adult mentors,

including parents, church leaders and teachers, will provide guidance to peer educators in their planning

and implementation of peer education activities, and promote parent/adult/child dialogue. The project will

encourage dialogue between youth and their parents, and other adults on sexuality issues, and messages

on abstinence and fidelity as key HIV preventive measures among youth. Both peer and adult educators

will be trained in effective AB messaging and community mobilization.

The sub-grantees carry out daily program management and provide technical support to community and

school activities through trained peer educators, teachers, adult mentors, and program staff, including

monitoring and evaluation officers. The sub-grantees often exchange experiences, strategies, materials,

and approaches to AB messaging. PACT also trains sub-grantees in program and grants management,

reporting, and monitoring and evaluation. In FY2007 and FY2008 some sub-grantees received funding

from other agencies, such as the United Nations Development Program, the Zambia National AIDS Network

and the National HIV/AIDS/STI/TB Council (NAC) demonstrating donor confidence in the Pact Zambia sub-

grantees' program and financial management systems.

To ensure further program sustainability, Y-Choices will continue to build the capacities and skills of sub-

grantees in grants and program management, monitoring and evaluation, including: the development of

work plans, funding proposal narratives, organizational strategic plans, community mobilization and

advocacy strategies, and financial management. Pact Zambia will develop and implement a Sustainability

Plan for its partners to ensure continuity of the activities after June 2010. The plan will include linking the

partner organizations to other donors interested in ABY programming.

Sub-grantees will encourage traditional, religious, and civic leadership to participate in community

mobilization and program activities. Y-Choices' sub-grantees will ensure linkages and synergy of their

school based and community HIV/AIDS action groups' ABY activities to existing government structures,

such as the Provincial AIDS Task Forces, and the Neighborhood Health Committees. Y-Choices will also

continue its membership on the formed Prevention of Sexual Transmission working group supported by the

NAC. To enhance coordination, standardization, and learning, Y-Choices will be in constant communication

with other United States Agency for International Development (USAID)-supported ABY partners, through

the USG AB partner working group.

Gender will be a focus for partners in the implementation of this activity. The messaging, program

evaluation, and reporting will incorporate gender issues, as HIV/AIDS affects boys and girls differently. The

communication strategy will ensure that these HIV related issues for boys and girls (such as multiple sexual

partners, sexual abuse, violence and transactional sex) are adequately addressed. Peer education and

mentoring outreach will be complemented by AB messaging through folk media and radio programming in

provinces with community radio stations. Y-Choices will encourage its sub-grantees to adapt any existing

and approved AB radio programs developed by other partners, such as Population Services

International/Society for Family Health and Health Communication Partnership. Additionally, sub-partners

Activity Narrative: will develop specific programs such as radio talk shows on abstinence to fill missing gaps. To standardize

the AB messages reaching youth and maintain positive behavior, Y-Choices sub-grantees will continue

using approved and available information, education, and communication materials that have been

developed by various stakeholders and approved by the NAC.

Pact Zambia's Y-Choices will conduct regular field compliance visits to the sub-grantees for program and

financial backstopping. The program will also continue tracking results from each sub-grantee through the

reporting template submitted quarterly. The template helps in tracking key program data as well as

challenges and success stories. Y-Choices plans to complete program closeout procedures and submit

final program technical and financial reports by June 30th, 2010 to USAID. A close out plan will be

developed by December 2009 to guide this process.

New/Continuing Activity: Continuing Activity

Continuing Activity: 14414

Continued Associated Activity Information

Activity Activity ID USG Agency Prime Partner Mechanism Mechanism ID Mechanism Planned Funds

System ID System ID

14414 3857.08 U.S. Agency for Pact, Inc. 6826 1409.08 Y-Choices $1,780,242



8922 3857.07 U.S. Agency for Pact, Inc. 4987 1409.07 Y-Choices $805,597



3857 3857.06 U.S. Agency for Pact, Inc. 3129 1409.06 Y-Choices $585,249



Emphasis Areas


* Addressing male norms and behaviors

* Increasing gender equity in HIV/AIDS programs

Human Capacity Development

Estimated amount of funding that is planned for Human Capacity Development $90,000

Public Health Evaluation

Food and Nutrition: Policy, Tools, and Service Delivery

Food and Nutrition: Commodities

Economic Strengthening



Table 3.3.02:

Subpartners Total: $0
Zambia Interfaith Networking Group on HIV and AIDS: NA
Kawambwa Anti AIDS Club: NA
Maveve Orphans and Home Based Care: NA
Henwood Foundation: NA
Choma Youth Development Organization: NA
Seventh Day Adventist Church: NA
Kays Arts Promotion: NA
Luapula Families In Distress: NA
Zambezi Development Trust: NA
Kabwe Home Based Care: NA
Kilela Balanda: NA
Mumena Rural Development Trust: NA
Adolescent Reproductive Health Advocates: NA
United Church of Zambia: NA
Anti-AIDS Teachers Association of Zambia: NA
Mwandi Mission Hospital: NA
Youth Alive Zambia: NA
Nchelenge Interfaith Sharing & Learning Initiative Group: NA
Young Women's Christian Association: NA
Cross Cutting Budget Categories and Known Amounts Total: $90,000
Human Resources for Health $90,000