PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Integrated Community Based Initiatives (ICOBI) is currently implementing NPI Round 2 OVC project that
began April 4, 2008. ICOBI is a Ugandan Non Governmental Organization with 15 years of experience
implementing HIV/AIDS related activities OVC inclusive and supporting indigenous community based and
faith-based organizations in S.W.Uganda Uganda. ICOBI is working in Bushenyi district but also with a
mutually supporting network of two sub-partners in Mbarara district to respond to the President's
Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) i.e.: Good Care and Family Support (GCFS) and Ankole
During the first year (6 months), ICOBI has been heavily involved in project key start up activities. By the
third quarter of FY2008 (1st quarter of the project), ICOBI and its sub-partners had recruited and trained 43
project staffs to kick start the process of identifying and reaching 3,600 OVC (1,728 males and 1,872
females) with at least two or more services. In addition, within 5 months since the project started, ICOBI
successfully developed a Workplan & budget, sensitized district and sub-county leaders, held a review
meeting and procured some equipment. ICOBI is now establishing Community Care Committees (CCC),
identifying OVC and sensitizing communities on identifying OVC needs after which 2,000 caregivers will be
trained to provide improved care and support for OVC.
The expected outcome of the NPI Round 2 project in S.W.Uganda for FY 2008 is to improve the quality of
life for 3,600 OVC residing in 37 sub-counties of Bushenyi and Mbarara. The outcomes that will be worked
towards to support the achievement of this impact are: 1) OVC have access to essential services such as
education, health, care & support, food and nutrition, income generation, and psychosocial support. 2) OVC
protected from stigma, discrimination, exploitation, violence, and sexual abuse; 3) capacity of sub-partners
and community institutions developed to support quality OVC programming; and 4) lessons learnt, models,
and best practices shared and replicated. In FY 2009, ICOBI and its partners will provide care and support
to 28,000. 10,000 will receive care and support and economic security; 14,000 primary and secondary
education; 1,000 apprenticeship or vocational training and 3,000 food security and nutrition. All the 28,000
OVC will be eligible for psychosocial care and support, legal and child protection. The 14,000 OVC for
education, 3,000 for food and nutrition and 1,000 for apprenticeship will be eligible for health care. At least
18,000 will benefit from three or more services. In addition, the caregivers identified will be trained to
provide improved care and support to these OVC.
To achieve the anticipated impact and outcomes, the project will scale up and strengthen its innovative and
indigenously developed community-based approach to provide OVC with holistic and sustainable care and
1. The human resource is very essential and pertinent to the implementation and delivery of services to the
target OVC population and their households hence contributing to the overall objective. Without them, no
other activity can take off. They will cover all the 18 sub-counties in Mbarara and 20 out of 29 in Bushenyi
and in so doing reach the targeted OVC in communities and families. They will be assisted by community
volunteers (CCC) in every parish who likewise will be facilitated to be able to come up with the appropriate,
most deserving beneficiaries and households.
2. The Social Workers and CCC members will mobilize the communities and sensitize the targeted
beneficiaries on socio economic security opportunities/options available. The Caregivers and beneficiaries
will identify their preferred economic activity (IGA) to undertake. Support will be channeled through groups
of households (five) and not individuals because individuals tend to misuse the support and group formation
helps in training, marketing, animal/plant disease control as well as ensuring sustainability. The facilitators
will be Extension Workers who will train the caregiver groups at community social centres in their localities.
A simple tailored training guide/manuals adopted from the approved National Training Manuals has been
developed which will be uniformly used by facilitators. The IGA selected depending on group will be given
out to them and constant follow ups made to the groups to ensure success.
3. OVC beneficiaries in primary and secondary will be provided scholastic materials, school tuition, sanitary
pads, and school uniforms, shoes depending on the needs of individuals identified by the community for
help. Each Social Worker in his/her respective sub-county will compile a list of schools in which OVC
identified for assistance study from, fees per child. A mechanism will be established with the school
authorities for payment of school dues for a period of full year from project account. This will minimize the
inconveniences the OVC go through every term as they look for fees. Out of school OVC youth will be
supported to join Apprenticeship centers and Vocational schools providing marketable skills within or nearby
their communities. Upon completion of studying, they will be provided with basic startup tools of their trade
to enable them set up their business (IGA) and become self employed.
4. Caregivers/guardians of OVC will be sensitized about food security and nutritional practices to address
not only the problem of food shortages OVC households face but also appropriate nutrition for persons who
are vulnerable to poverty. They will be sensitized about less labor intensive farming methods. Later, they
will receive enhanced highly nutritious seeds, crops like Irish potatoes or fruits that require smaller pieces of
land. The project will link up with the GoU supported NAADS and AAMP programs in the project area and
even those funded by USG.
5. The OVC households in dire need of emergency supplies like clothes and beddings especially child-
headed will be prioritized. This is short term assistance that will not be supplied again because the same
families will get socio-economic security support for long term family support.
6. In order to holistically improve the quality of life of OVC, the project will cater for their health problems by
contracting health service providers to offer them medical care whenever one falls sick through micro care
health insurance program. The project will contribute a premium of 10 US dollars for each of these OVC per
year which will entitle them to comprehensive medical care irrespective of the total cost of the medical
charges by the contracted health providers. The CCC will link / refer OVC to health service providers centre.
The grants given out in kind to start income generating activities or acquire skills will enable them to
continue paying for their premiums in future when the project is no longer paying for them. They will further
receive preventive health care messages, immunization to prevent killer diseases, increased access to safe
water and sanitation, improved nutrition and balanced diet, access to bed nets and information on
adolescent reproductive health through field and radio sensitizations. The health service providers in the
area have youth friendly services and HIV/AIDS related services.
7. ICOBI will work with its partners to identify key persons from CCC to receive orientation in psychosocial
counseling and supplement the efforts of Social workers' services in their respective communities.
Activity Narrative: Caregivers, guardians and school teachers will receive basics on psychosocial care and support needs of
OVC who are in schools, at risk of falling out, or have fallen out. Social Workers will work with teachers at
schools and institutions where OVCs are receiving education to initiate and establish Kids clubs for children
between the ages of 6-12 years where trained peer facilitators will take the children through structured
manuals developed by MGLSD. In this way, these children will receive quality, structured PSS. Likewise,
youth clubs for (13-17 years) will be formed and all children including OVC will participate in the program's
life skills sessions. The sessions will be facilitated by trained peer educators with materials developed by
Population Services International (PSI) and MGLSD. Through the life skills sessions, these older OVC will
benefit from both health care support (reproductive health) and PSS.
8. The project will facilitate sensitization meetings for all Secretaries of children affairs and other stakeholder
groups like Local council leaders, Local police, teachers in schools, religious leaders and train them on
Child rights and Protection issues. The Secretaries are targeted because they are the custodians of the
Children's Act and Statute in Uganda. They will receive training in child protection, rights and laws,
awareness-raising to reduce stigma and discrimination towards OVC. They will later be passed out as
community paralegals having been equipped with knowledge on child rights and legal protection. The
national Acts on Children including the Uganda Constitution will be the guiding tool/source of information
trainings. The existing community referral system responsible for children affairs will be revived from village,
to parish, sub county where established Family and Children Court (FCC) exists. The Local Police, the
Probation and Welfare Officers at Sub county level who acts as officers of court in child abuse related
matters will act as our referral system. The offices of the LC V Chairpersons, Resident District
Commissioners (RDC) and State Attorney have desks and tasks responsible for children affairs. These will
act as / provide a referral system for abused children and even when the project winds up, these will stay
continue protecting children particularly OVC in this case. In case of child abuse the Social Worker in the
respective area in collaboration with CCC will link up with this referral system upon receipt of such cases.
Through the above community-based approach, OVC and their household will access most if not all of the
following core services: economic security, PSS, healthcare, food and nutrition, child and legal protection,
education, care and support. This will ensure that they receive comprehensive quality support. By
channeling support and capacity building through the groups, ICOBI and its sub-partners will guarantee
that the services provided to the OVC are family focused and sustainable, as it is highly likely that these
groups will continue to operate after the end of the project. The Community Care Committees will be linked
to local government structures and other sources of support. Further, by ensuring that the Kids Club and
Life Skills activities target younger and older OVC respectively, ICOBI and partners will ensure that the
interventions are age appropriate. Gender sensitivity is also promoted by ensuring that there are both male
and female peer educators to support direct work with the OVC. The life skills activities will in addition build
the capacity of OVC between the ages of 13 to 17 to avoid contracting HIV, other sexually transmitted
infections (STIs), and prevent them from succumbing to unwanted pregnancy.
The above interventions are in line with and in support of the National Orphans and Other Vulnerable
Children Policy (NOP) and the National Strategic Programme Plan of Interventions (NSSPI) for Orphans
and Other Vulnerable Children 2005/6 - 2009/10. The NOP's guiding principles i.e. the rights based
approach, ensuring that the family and community is the first line of response, focusing on the most
vulnerable children, and community participation and empowerment to mention but a few clearly lay at the
foundation of ICOBI OVC project. Uganda's goal of ensuring the realization of the rights of OVC is in line
with the project's goal of "enhancing the ability of 38,000 OVC and OVC household in Bushenyi and
Mbarara districts to fully enjoy their rights and aspiration to their full potential". The project will also ensure
the realization of the objectives of Uganda's OVC policy by supporting the development of a more protective
environment for children in the participating communities, ensuring that OVC access essential services and
that resources for OVC programming are used strategically and efficiently, and that the capacity gaps of
guardians, local leaders, and community institutions are addressed to ensure that they can support the
realization of the rights of OVC for the long-term. ICOBI will ensure that the program is effectively
coordinated with the work of local governments and sub-partners attend district-level coordination meetings
and submit programmatic reports on a quarterly basis.
4. CONTRIBUTIONS TO OVERALL PROGRAM AREA:
ICOBI's project focuses on ensuring that OVC access the core program areas of support as spelt out in the
NOP. It will ensure that each OVC receives a holistic package of support based on his/ her own particular
needs. The OVC Program Area's guiding principles are closely followed. For instance focusing
interventions on the family and the community and not only on the affected child; developing the capacity of
OVC households and communities to provide better and sustained support to OVC through the promotion of
groups and OVC CCC; ensuring the meaningful participation of children in the program through their
representation on the CCC; their integration into monitoring and evaluation (M&E) processes; and reducing
gender disparities by ensuring both girl and boy OVC are closely monitored and protected from exploitation,
abuse, and discrimination and by empowering both boy and girl OVC with vital life skills.
5. LINKS TO OTHER ACTIVITIES:
Through the groups of five under economic security, specific interventions will continue to be undertaken in
FY 2009 to encourage members and even OVC under their care access home based counseling and
testing (VCT) services provided by ICOBI with support from JSI, such that if they are HIV positive, they can
be linked to HIV treatment providers such as Kabwohe Clinical Research Centre (KCRC). In conclusion,
efforts will be made to link the beneficiary households to other service providers in both districts, so as to
access complementary forms of support.
New/Continuing Activity: New Activity
* Increasing gender equity in HIV/AIDS programs
* Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
* Reducing violence and coercion
Health-related Wraparound Programs
* Child Survival Activities
* Family Planning
Human Capacity Development
Public Health Evaluation
Food and Nutrition: Policy, Tools, and Service Delivery
Food and Nutrition: Commodities