PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Expenditure Sub-Program Areas track more specific PEPFAR expenditures.
Object classes provide highly specific ways that implementing partners are spending PEPFAR funds on programming.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
Beneficiary Expenditure data identify how PEPFAR programming is targeted at reaching different populations.
Sub-Beneficiary Expenditure data highlight more specific populations targeted for HIV prevention and treatment interventions.
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2008
In 2007, 1,878 scout leaders participated in SfS Level II modular trainings that covered Counseling, Activity
Packs 3 and 4, Management and Supervision, and Little Magnet Theatre. The trained scout leaders
reached approximately 60,000 boys and girls aged 12-15 years with HIV prevention messages and life skills
building using the skills and knowledge they had acquired. To scale up the SfS project, approximately 2,000
additional scout leaders were simultaneously trained in SfS Level I and II modular trainings. Level I training
covered the following modules: (1) Gender, (2) Participatory Methods, (3) Scouting, (4) M&E, (5) Helping
Young People Stay Healthy (BCC), (6) Activity Packs 1 and 2, (7) Utilization of the Scouts Voice, (8) HIV
and AIDS, and (9) Communication Strategy. SfS held two partners' leadership group meetings, conducted
one supervisory visit to approximately 20 schools, and facilitated gender training for 10 staff members. SfS
developed two issues of the Scout Voice newsletter and printed and disseminated 80, 000 copies. This
year, scouts and scout leaders came together from all over the country to celebrate the Centenary
Jamboree, an occasion which SfS capitalized on with activities and messages integrated into the
celebratory scouting events. In August, SfS held an advocacy meeting with senior government officials,
including District Education Officers and District Chief Administrative Officers from over 50 districts and five
MPs (some of whom are still active scouts) who are part of the group of scout Members of Parliament.
Activities for FY2008 will continue to build on previous activities to contribute to the key strategic
objectives. Development of activity packs will continue. Activity Packs 5 and 6 will address issues of
adolescent sexual and reproductive health, building healthy relationships, and gender-based violence
including sexual abuse and its implications. Activity Packs 7 and 8 will focus on abstinence, negotiations for
safer sex, and life skills. Scouts will continue to implement Little Magnet Theatre activities to increase
interaction between them, their peers, the school fraternity, and the wider community. Little Magnet Theatre
(LMT) is an interactive participatory theatre methodology designed for children. It serves two main purposes
-one is to move messages and skills learned in activity packs to a new dimension, by acting them out so as
to relate the messages to real life situations. Secondly, theatre provides a forum for involvement of non-
scouts (both students in schools and community members) in HIV-prevention education. It is a channel to
disseminate what the scouts have learned and increase interaction between them and the rest of the school
community. Scouts develop the partially-completed plots dramas with assistance from scout leaders. The
scout leaders have already been trained to develop stories and generate discussions on topical issues.
Through these performances, the scouts will be sharing HIV prevention messages with their peers and
parents. Scouts who participate in three LMT performances will earn an LMT badge. Certificates will be
awarded to patrols for outstanding performances. SfS will explore recording some of the best presentations
as a motivation mechanism to the scouts. These videos will be used during training of scout leaders. SFS
will develop, print, and distribute three issues of the Scouts Voice newsletter with its partners STF and USA.
These will include two regular editions and the Camporee edition that is normally done during the national
competitions. HIV prevention themes for the newsletters will be generated by the scouts during the editorial
The scouts who completed Activity Packs 1 and 2 will be awarded their Red Ribbon badges in 2008.
SfS carried out a gender sensitivity survey using an adaptation of the Gender Equitable Male (GEM) and
Gender Equitable Scale (GES) tool developed by Instituto Promudo. The analysis of this data will inform
gender training for scout leaders in 2008, in addition to the on-going advocacy activities through the tools
that have been created to promote gender equity in scouting, SfS will redesign, develop, and introduce four
proficiency badges that promote gender equity by addressing gender stereotypes. These badges will focus
on cookery, housekeeping, baby care, and handiwork, which will expose boys and girls to activities that are
traditionally reserved for the other gender.
Using the cameras awarded in 2006, competitions and additional disposable cameras that will be
provided, the scouts will pilot an amateur photography program. The nine provincial teams in Kenya and
five regional teams in Uganda that won cameras will be trained on photography and provided with film and
notebooks to record interesting activities for scouts and communities. The photographs will be used to
trigger discussions on HIV prevention, gender issues, and care for the environment among other scouting
activities. Through an amateur photography by young people referred to as Shootback, the scouts will
record and share their stories on HIV prevention using skills they learned from newsletter editorial trainings.
The patrols that take exceptionally good photos will earn a photography badge. A comic book modeled on
PATH's highly popular Nuru will be developed with STF and USA, based on the scouts' "Tommy the
Tenderfoot" series. The comic book will be used to promote HIV prevention messages and gender equity
and will discuss issues generated by the scouts. SfS will distribute copies to all participating schools.
In FY08, SfS will continue to strengthen the capacity of existing USA scout leaders to provide HIV
prevention information to the scouts by training scout leaders and trainers. A Splash for Scout Trainers or
Training of trainers (ToT) will be held. It will involve training national scout trainers for ten days with a
curriculum that pulls together all the modules that have been used for training so far as part of the effort to
build sustainability for the project within the scout system. To help the trainers comprehend the training
materials and the methodology, one component of the splash training will be a practicum in the field where
they will conduct training under supervision of the SfS trainers. The trainers will apply in the field what they
learn during the training sessions and then discuss their field experiences and challenges to help improve
their facilitation skills.
One of SfS mandates is to reach out to disadvantaged young people. As part of the efforts to reach out-
of-school youth, Rover Scouts will be trained on facilitation skills to equip them to work with out-of-school
youth. A majority of scout leaders are teachers who are working with a captive scout audience, but out-of-
school youth are difficult to reach as they are not in formally organized groups. The out-of-school youth
constitute one of the most vulnerable sub-sets of young people due to the ever-increasing number of AIDS
orphans. Despite the recent drop in HIV prevalence, the numbers of AIDS-related deaths are still rising,
contributing to the ever-increasing pool of AIDS orphans. Others are victims of broken families,
abandonment, or those who have run away from their homes due to poverty or abuse. In FT08, SfS will
seek to partner with other stakeholders, such as government authorities, NGOs and other partners who are
working with out-of-school youth, to explore the contribution that scouting can make to improve the lives of
The project will also seek to involve parents as part of the efforts to improve parent-child communication
as well as conduct advocacy to create a supportive environment for youth to adopt a positive behavior.
Sensitisation workshops will be organized for parents and guardians, head teachers and education officers.
Activity Narrative: Advocacy activities will involve lobbying the Members of Parliament (MP), district leaders such as Chiefs,
Administrative Officers, District Commissioners, District Education Officers, chairpersons of local authorities,
head teachers, and other policy makers. The project will continue to lobby MPs, especially through those
MPs who are scouts, to repeal the Boys Scout Act to Scouts Act so that it accommodates both boys and
girls. Gender issues, in addition to ABY topics will be kept high on the scouts' agenda in FY08 through
recruitment of more girl scouts, training female scout leaders on wood badge to bring women higher on the
leadership ladder and disseminate the Sexual Harassment and Abuse policy and the gender advocacy
toolkit to all stakeholders to support protection of the girl-child. Sharing of information and lessons learned
with other ABY partners will be done through joint meetings to be held bi-annually. The Project Leadership
Group comprising of SfS project director, National Executive Commissioners of KSA and USA and the Chief
Commissioners of Kenya and Uganda will meet twice in the year to ensure adherence to project goals and