PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2008
ACTIVITY HAS BEEN REVISED SIGNIFICANTLY FROM FY 2008 COP
TITLE: Jali Watoto OVC Initiative and Anti-Stigma Campaign
NEED and COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE: Pact Tanzania currently implements two large-scale orphan and
vulnerable children (OVC) programs in Tanzania: the Jali Watoto (Kiswahili for "Caring for Children")
Initiative and the Global Fund OVC Program. Both programs seek to contribute to the Government of
Tanzania's (GOT) National Plan of Action (NCPA) for Most Vulnerable Children, and are being implemented
in collaboration with the national Department of Social Welfare (DSW). Both programs aim to reach large
numbers of OVC with services that make a difference in their lives and that meet individual and family
needs. Pact has made a significant contribution to supporting the NCPA, and has developed considerable
technical experience in administering programs for OVC, with promising results in over a third of the
country. Jali Watoto is a leading player in the current quest for quality improvement (QI).
In 2006, 930,000 children (or approximately 5% of the children in Tanzania) were considered to be most
vulnerable (NCPA). However, Jali Watoto works in regions with a much higher proportion of OVC: 16% of
children in Mara, 8.5% in Mtwara, 9.5% in Tabora, 16% in Kagera, and 19.4% in Kyela, Mbeya are
considered most vulnerable.
ACCOMPLISHMENTS: Jali Watoto has supported 22 districts to carry out the OVC identification process to
achieve 100% coverage in districts serviced by Jali Watoto. In addition, Jali Watoto has provided one or
more services to approximately 45,000 children in the same districts as of the end of FY 2008. Jali Watoto
also provided substantial secretariat support to the national OVC Implementing Partners Group (IPG), a
strong network that meets regularly to promote maintaining consistent standards of operation and sharing
tools, materials and lessons learned. The recent launch of the NCPA by the First Ladies of the US and
Tanzania was successfully accomplished through significant support from Jali Watoto. Jali Watoto also
supported the DSW by assisting in setting up suitable program and office facilities, including a vehicle,
internet connection, computers and other office requirements.
Jali Watoto also made significant strides in providing expanded services by selecting ten additional sub-
partners. This resulted in nearly 100% coverage in the five regions of the Jali Watoto program. Jali Watoto
also developed and established quality standards tools for use by volunteers providing services to OVC.
Nearly 1,500 volunteers have been trained and/or mentored in their role and in implementing quality
standards. Results include greater understanding of service provision needs, improved quality of services,
optimized outcomes for children, and increased recognition of Jali Watoto in implementation of quality
programs for OVC. Other USG partners routinely draw on Jali Watoto's experience and expertise. Lastly,
additional focus is being put on supporting the role of elderly caregivers by funding HelpAge International,
which works with the local NGO, SAWAKA.
Jali Watoto has demonstrated a strong presence in the effort to eradicate stigma. Up to 2,000 community,
religious, and other leaders including IPG members have been trained to address stigma in their
communities. Also, a successful "Bongo Flava" (popular Tanzanian hip-hop music) concert was organized
to address stigma affecting children. Three songs and a DVD were produced to address stigma through
popular culture. An event was also held to officially designate the First Lady of Tanzania and wife of the US
Ambassador as champions against stigma.
ACTIVITIES: Jali Watoto will continue to support districts and the GOT by providing technical support to 22
districts to back-stop, monitor, and evaluate the work of the Most Vulnerable Children's Committees
(MVCCs) and Jali Watoto partners, that are responsible for identifying OVC and addressing their needs.
Jali Watoto will build the capacity of MVCCs to coordinate quality service provision to OVC. Jali Watoto will
continue to support the DSW and act as Secretariat to the national IPG; managing the e-list, preparing
newsletters, arranging meetings, and preparing documents. IPG meetings will be replicated in districts, and
the districts will be encouraged to organize regular local IPG meetings to understand what services are
available and to plan for and incorporate the NCPA needs into their budgets. To ensure better information
sharing; Jali Watoto will support the documentation of the PEPFAR phase one program in collaboration with
other implementing partners. In FY 2009, Jali Watoto will complete the refurbishment of DSW offices,
continue to assist the DSW to roll out the NCPA through local sources of funding, and to enable districts to
develop plans and budgets for OVC in their areas. Volunteers will continue to work alongside MVCC to
build program capacity.
The program will support and closely monitor the more than 80 sub-partners with increasing levels of report
verification. Quality services will continue to be provided to families of OVC in a way that is sensitive to their
needs. Volunteers will continue regular visits, providing psychosocial support and nutritional
counseling/assessment. Jali Watoto will strengthen the support and supervision provided to volunteers
working under non-governmental and faith-based partner organizations, and ensure that the services they
provide are underpinned by good financial, governance, and management processes. Jali Watoto will also
advocate for promising volunteers within its program to be offered the opportunity to be trained as para-
social workers, leading to formal employment positions as social welfare assistants.
Jali Watoto community volunteers will focus additional attention on nutritional assessment of OVC.
Volunteers will use mid upper arm circumference tapes to determine the nutritional status of OVC. OVC
identified with faltered growth, or severely or moderately malnourished, will be referred to health clinics for
HIV pediatric testing and food supplementation. For OVC identified with an immediate need, living in a food
insecure household, Pact will provide support while linking the household to a livelihood activity.
Special and increased emphases on service delivery, sustainability, and systems strengthening, including
referral linkages, will take place in each district to ensure comprehensiveness of services. QI will be a
major focus as will economic strengthening through the Pact-funded WORTH program and support to the
district authorities to plan for and manage the OVC program. The WORTH program, which economically
empowers low-income women, will enable families to be economically independent and to function more
Activity Narrative: effectively to care for and protect their children.
Jali Watoto will foster linkages with Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission and HIV/AIDS Care and
Treatment sites to identify exposed infants so that they can be followed by the MVCCs. In addition, Jali
Watoto will link with wraparound programming, particularly the President's Malaria Initiative and the national
malaria campaign for children under five; HIV prevention to vulnerable youth and adolescents; and food and
nutrition programs in the communities. Further facilitation in district and at national levels will be achieved
through use of the IPGs. Jali Watoto will also establish model "program learning districts." These will be
used to share the approaches of the learning districts with other districts that are building their
Jali Watoto will continue to implement WORTH, built around literacy, savings-led microfinance, and
microenterprise development. WORTH groups will be drawn from the parents and caregivers of OVC and
will develop a particular focus on the care and protection of children as well as on sustaining the family
economically. Pact will leverage additional funds from private foundations (e.g., the Oak Foundation) to
implement the WORTH program with a particular focus on increasing Child Protection and businesses (e.g.,
Barrick) to strengthen local service delivery systems.
Jali Watoto will increase anti-stigma activities by widely distributing the anti-stigma songs and DVD through
the media and anti-stigma champions. Both the First Lady of Tanzania and the wife of the US Ambassador
will continue as champions against stigma, using their public appearances to speak out on this issue. Jali
Watoto will also evaluate the impact of training carried out to date on levels of stigma experienced by
children. The outcome of this will inform future activities and the use of small grants to partners.
Additionally, one district in Mtwara will pilot an anti-stigma campaign that can inform a possible national
campaign, with stepped up involvement of anti-stigma champions.
LINKAGES: The IPG provides a major forum for linkages with relevant GOT and USG departments, USG
and non-USG partners, and has resulted in greatly improved coordination, accountability, communication,
and technical aspects of service provision for OVC. Local IPGs are beginning to coordinate and facilitate
more successful communication within districts. Jali Watoto quality standards have been shared with USG,
Global Fund and other partners both locally and globally. Jali Watoto continues to link with health services
to ensure the referral of OVC needing services provided by child survival programs, malaria programs, and
TB programs. Jali Watoto will initiate linkages with pediatric AIDS programs to ensure that OVC identified
through those programs are linked with required services in the community. This will start with sub-
grantees in the areas around the Baylor Pediatric AIDS Center of Excellence in Mbeya.
M&E: Jali Watoto has financially supported full identification of OVC in all 22 districts, provided a computer
for each of its districts and trained all partner organizations and districts (over 100 participants) on entering
data into the national data management system (DMS). Pact will use the national DMS for Jali Watoto
program monitoring purposes, and ensure that sub-grantees' information about OVC identified at the local
levels feeds into the national system and is available to MVCCs at the local level for planning, decision
making, and monitoring. Pact will also support the Jali Watoto districts to strengthen their capacity in M&E
in order to conduct regular monitoring of the implementation of the NCPA for OVC in their districts. M&E
training will assist sub-grantees to monitor progress against PEPFAR indicators and to report on services
delivered. Pact will establish a small field office in the Lake Zone to support closer quality monitoring and
evaluation of the program in Mara, Kagera, and Tabora.
Pact will also continue to strengthen the ability of all implementing partners to use data effectively by
monitoring data on all children served, and monitoring continual compliance of districts in data entry. QI
strategies will be widely distributed among partner organizations through regional "lessons learned"
conferences in addition to the Jali Watoto newsletter.
SUSTAINABILITY: Pact's economic empowerment program, WORTH, will help to strengthen families caring
for OVC, which should contribute to the long-term sustainability of support to OVC. In addition, long-term
sustainability is being developed by the focus on strengthening district governments. This is occurring by
sub-grantees 1) catalyzing the work of the MVCCs, and 2) encouraging social welfare officers and
community development officers to support and monitor MVCC and NGO OVC activities in their districts.
New/Continuing Activity: Continuing Activity
Continuing Activity: 13552
Continued Associated Activity Information
Activity Activity ID USG Agency Prime Partner Mechanism Mechanism ID Mechanism Planned Funds
System ID System ID
13552 3385.08 U.S. Agency for Pact, Inc. 6547 1109.08 $5,000,000
7783 3385.07 U.S. Agency for Pact, Inc. 4569 1109.07 Pact Associate $3,900,000
3385 3385.06 U.S. Agency for Pact, Inc. 2836 1109.06 Pact Associate $2,800,000
* Increasing women's access to income and productive resources
Health-related Wraparound Programs
* Child Survival Activities
* Malaria (PMI)
Human Capacity Development
Estimated amount of funding that is planned for Human Capacity Development $1,000,000
Public Health Evaluation
Food and Nutrition: Policy, Tools, and Service Delivery
Food and Nutrition: Commodities
Estimated amount of funding that is planned for Food and Nutrition: Commodities $150,000
Estimated amount of funding that is planned for Economic Strengthening $750,000
Estimated amount of funding that is planned for Education $900,000