PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Expenditure Sub-Program Areas track more specific PEPFAR expenditures.
Object classes provide highly specific ways that implementing partners are spending PEPFAR funds on programming.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
Beneficiary Expenditure data identify how PEPFAR programming is targeted at reaching different populations.
Sub-Beneficiary Expenditure data highlight more specific populations targeted for HIV prevention and treatment interventions.
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2007
This activity is specifically linked with #8687, #9390, #8688, #7734, #7754, #8682, #7774, #7849, #7810, #8681, #9060, #9061, #7727, and #7852 in AB, with activity #9457, and #8722 in OP, and with activity #9240 in ARV services.
UJANA builds on the success of its predecessor project, YouthNet/Tanzania (YNT). With FY 2005 and FY 2006 Emergency Plan funds, YNT has made over six million contacts with youth and nearly two million contacts with community members with HIV prevention messages, primarily focused on AB. This has been achieved through direct programming and nearly 60 sub-grants to NGOs in Iringa, Dar es Salaam, and Morogoro Regions. In FY 2007, UJANA will expand into Dodoma Region, and through partner Africare, UJANA will conduct HIV prevention activities in Zanzibar. These regions are situated along major transport routes, and except for Zanzibar, have high HIV prevalence rates. UJANA will devote substanial effort to capacity building of its own and implementing partners' organizations and staff; this will directly contribute to sustainability of youth HIV prevention capacity beyond the project. Three broad objectives govern the project interventions:
1) UJANA will scale up peer education work being done by partners in communities and schools in a variety of ways. Peer educators will be trained in the YNT global peer education toolkit to effectively share information, create motivation, build skills, and make service referrals for sustained behavior change. The YPEER (Youth Peer Education) Network, a global collaborative effort with UNFPA, will be expanded to build the capacity of NGOs implementing youth peer education by bringing together stakeholders, making quality tools and resources widely available, providing training and holding consultative meetings with meaningful youth participation. UJANA will develop and use print materials that build the skills of youth to practice A and B by increasing production of the popular Si Mchezo! Magazine to reach larger numbers of older youth (15-24 years) and to adapt and print the South African magazine Soul Buddies to provide younger youth (10-14 years) with opportunities to learn about HIV/AIDS. Soul Buddies focuses on abstinence and provides age-appropriate advice to in-school youth to build their life skills. UJANA will start producing job aid materials for peer educators that promote HIV prevention among youth and encourage the use of local youth-friendly services. These materials will be used at large youth-focused events such as International Youth Week, and World AIDS Day. In conjunction with the STRADCOM radio project, UJANA will develop and broadcast a radio public service announcements (PSAs), an interactive talk show and begin to develop a soap opera that reaches youth of all ages, particularly in rural settings. To address the specific gender-based prevention needs of youth, UJANA will continue to introduce components of "Program H," a project that fosters gender equity and promotes changing social norms related to gender and sexual behavior. UJANA will scale up capacity building with its partners to reach youth ages 10-16 using the YNT Christian Family Life Education manual, a youth life skills tool. UJANA will begin to train providers in youth friendly services, create demand for counseling and testing services, and strengthen referral systems between CT and prevention activities. UJANA will explore links with livelihood organizations and will establish two key public-private parntership opportunities; working with the Nike Corporation, UJANA will participate in an assessment of the positive interactions of sports and youth programming through a potential sub-grant, and with Playpumps International, UJANA will support the pumps established in low low clinics with approporiate AB and youth messaging on the advertising billboards.
2) UJANA will work closely with GOT ministries, NGOs, FBOs, CBOs, youth, and the private sector to build their technical, organizational, and leadership capacity in youth development and HIV prevention. The project will assess youth groups' organizational needs and develop training programs to address those needs. After training, mentoring relationships will be established to assist groups to apply new skills. UJANA will strengthen the interfaith network established by YNT among faith-based partners in Iringa. The project will work with faith institutions in one additional region to establish an inter-faith network.
3) UJANA will play a leadership role in assisting local organizations, GOT ministries, and donors to ensure greater quality and effectiveness of youth HIV programming. This will be achieved by linking with current youth initiatives through mechanisms such as the YNT-established Coordinating Committee for Youth Programs (CCYP), the Abstinence and Be faithful for Youth (ABY) group, and the Adolescent Reproductive Health Working
Group. UJANA will continue to lead the CCYP - a quarterly forum for international/local NGOs, donors, UN agencies, and GOT ministries to share information, strategize, network, enhance coordination, and improve allocation of resources. The CCYP disseminates state-of-the-art information on youth HIV prevention and facilitates the exchange of lessons learned and best practices from both Tanzanian and international experiences. UJANA will establish at least one regional CCYP during this year. During the first year UJANA will strengthen the capacity of its partners to ensure meaningful youth involvement through a series of bi-annual technical workshops based on YNT's global tool, Youth Participation Guide (YPG). UJANA will offer training on the YPG beyond its implementing partners, especially for GOT ministries, and CCYP and ABY partners. UJANA will support the YPEER network to continue working with the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare to develop national standards for youth peer education. This will entail a series of workshops bringing together nationally representative stakeholders from various levels. Once finalized, Y-PEER will support the MOHSW to develop, print, and disseminate materials as well as monitor the use of the standards. UJANA will collaborate with FHI's Institute for HIV/AIDS and others to increase youth involvement in MVC and mitigation programming and to help promote linkages with organizations providing medical, nutritional, and psychosocial services for youth, especially for those who have limited access to such programs.
Under the Ishi Campaign, UJANA will continue programming in collaboration with TACAIDS, and will work to develop low-cost approaches to revitalize the brand and move it beyond promotion of ABC knowledge. Special attention will be given to gender-based HIV prevention messages. UJANA will increase the capacity of Ishi's Youth HIV Prevention Information Resource Centers (PIRCs), especially to make greater links to services. Capacity building for the Youth Advisory Group members (YAGs) will continue be a focus. Ishi will develop a manual to serve as a guide and reference tool for all volunteers. The Campaign will create a leadership program to nurture exceptional YAG members. UJANA and Ishi will continue creating linkages with other programs in reproductive health, gender, policy, and livelihood issues to maximize its impact on youth health.
This activity specifically links with activity #7667, #9457, #7717, #7770, and #7847 in OP, and with #9390, and #8691 in AB.
UJANA (meaning youthfulness) builds on the success of its predecessor project, YouthNet/Tanzania and links with other activities for youth. With FY 2005 and FY 2006 Emergency Plan funds, YouthNet/Tanzania (YNT) has made over 6,000,000 contacts with youth and nearly 2,000,000 contacts with community members for HIV prevention messages.. This has been achieved through direct programming and nearly 60 sub-grants to NGOs in Iringa, Dar es Salaam, and Morogoro Regions. In FY 2007, UJANA will expand its geographically focused work to include Dodoma, and will establish a regional office in that city; through partner Africare, UJANA will conduct HIV prevention activities in Zanzibar. These regions are situated along major transport routes, and except for Zanzibar, have high HIV prevalence rates. The regions each have a large urban center.
As urban youth tend to initiate sexual activity earlier and tend to engage in higher-risk sexual behavior, and given that each of the areas has identifiable higher-risk youth populations (i.e., working in the transportation and tourist industries), an AB only program cannot adequately address their prevention needs. UJANA will use other prevention funds to offer more comprehensive HIV prevention programming to reach older, higher-risk youth. It will move beyond awareness-raising to focus on behavior change by helping youth develop attitudes and skills necessary to prevent HIV. Also, because social and gender norms and economic factors contribute to the sexual behaviors and well-being of youth, UJANA will work with influential adults and the broader community to help create environments supportive of healthy, gender equitable behaviors, especially abstinence, delay of sexual debut, faithfulness/partner reduction, and condom use. The end result of the project will be an increased number of youth able to reduce their risk of HIV infection, strengthened national youth HIV prevention efforts, and improved quality and effectiveness of youth HIV prevention programming. UJANA will devote substanial effort to capacity building of its own and implementing partners' organizations and staff; this will directly contribute to sustainability of youth HIV prevention capacity beyond the project.
UJANAwill scale up peer education work being done by implementing partners in communities and schools. Following MOHSW standards and building on the YouthNet global peer education toolkit, peer educators will receive training on comprehensive messaging to share information effectively, motivate, build skills, and make service referrals to help bring about sustained behavior change. To address the specific gender-based prevention needs of youth, UJANA will continue YouthNet/Tanzania's introduction of evidence-based components of "Program H," a project that fosters gender equity and promotes changing social norms related to gender and sexual behavior.
Following MOHSW standards and using YN's global HIV CT manual, UJANA will expand youth-friendly training for public/private sector and NGO service providers. This training will address the biases providers often have toward youth, and will build skills related to counseling, risk reduction, identifying other factors linked to HIV transmission, and making referrals to other services. UJANA will develop new and use existing print materials that build the skills of youth to practice AB, and C where appropriate. UJANA will produce and disseminate IEC materials that promote comprehensive HIV prevention among older youth, and encourage the use of local youth-friendly services including the popular Si Mchezo! Magazine.
UJANA will continue to work systemically through MOHSW, TACAIDS, and through its coordinating mechanisms: the Coordinating Committee for Youth Programs and the National Adolescent Reproductive Health Working Group. The aim of these efforts will be to continue to increase the capacity of government partners, youth-serving organizations and donors to respond more effectively to the comprehensive reproductive health needs of youth. Institutional capacity building efforts under this category of prevention will focus on enhancing organizations' ability to provide integrated programming. A category of sub-grants will be created that will be reserved for applicants who provide reproductive health services, thereby leveraging additional and integrated services for youth.
UJANA will continue to provide technical leadership and promote the use of global tools and the adoption of research findings and best practices, strengthen the capacity of public/private partners to provide integrated HIV/RH services, promote utilization, and
increase the commitment of policy makers to youth and HIV/RH programs. The tools will be tested and translated. UJANA will also coordinate professional trainings to maximize outcomes for youth behavior change. UJANA will collaborate with FHI's Institute for HIV/AIDS and others to increase youth involvement in MVC and mitigation programming and to help promote linkages with organizations providing medical, nutritional, and psychosocial services for youth, especially for those who have limited access to such programs.
Under the national Ishi Campaign, existing Ishi HIV Prevention Resource Centers (PIRCs) will be supported and three new centers will be established (one in each new region). The centers will continue to offer comprehensive information and HIV education, as well as links to services, such as VCT and reproductive health. Ishi will sponsor quarterly fora for the PIRCs, to promote cross-learning, the adoption of best practices and the standardization of services to increase quality and impact. The Campaign will continue to host Ishi Men's and Women's Discussion Groups (an eight-week educational curriculum-based program) to promote positive roles, responsibilities, and behaviors. As a follow-on to this effort, these groups will then participate in Program H. Ishi will continue to be a leader in youth participation, involvement, and empowerment. The Campaign will continue to build the capacity of its volunteer corps, the Youth Advisory Groups (YAGs), and support and guide YAG outreach, mobilization, and educational activities. Ishi will develop a YAG manual to serve as a guide and reference tool for all volunteers. The Campaign will also create a leadership program to nurture the particular talents and core competencies of exceptional YAG members.
Finally, the Campaign will return to its roots and incorporate limited mass media efforts, particularly using radio (in collaboration with the STRADCOM radio partner), print media, and advocacy materials. Special attention will be given to gender-based HIV prevention messages in this strategic communication initiative. UJANA and Ishi will both continue to create linkages with other programs in reproductive health, gender, policy, and livelihood issues to maximize its systemic and national impact on youth health. Through partnership with Africare, UJANA will also work to revive the Ishi YAG on Zanzibar.