Detailed Mechanism Funding and Narrative

Details for Mechanism ID: 4569
Country/Region: Tanzania
Year: 2007
Main Partner: Pact, Inc.
Main Partner Program: NA
Organizational Type: Private Contractor
Funding Agency: USAID
Total Funding: $4,100,000

Funding for Care: Orphans and Vulnerable Children (HKID): $3,900,000

This activity relates to all activities in OVC (# 7674, 7675, 7677, 7687, 7689, 7690, 7691, 7700, 7715, 7714, 7728, 7736, 7783, 7801, 7804, 7807, 7817, 7850).

Pact has been working on issues related to orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) since early FY2006, when they initiated work on the Jali Watoto (Caring for Children) activity. This activity has four main components: 1) delivering quality service programs at the local level through sub-grants to local organizations; 2) providing capacity building to sub-grantees to strengthen their ability to respond to the many and varied needs of OVC; 3) strengthening systems, at the national, district, and communities levels, to enable communities to take responsibility for addressing the needs of OVC; and 4) monitoring OVC programs.

PACT works closely with other members of National OVC Implementing Partner Group (IPG) a network organized to support the roll out of the Tanzanian National Plan of Action for the Most Vulnerable Children (MVC). Indeed, Pact helps to convene the meeting and serves as a secretariat to the group.

With FY06 funding, Pact's Jali Watoto activity will reach 18,000 OVC through its sub- grantees. For the grants component, priority has given to complementing other USG and other donor-supported activities benefiting children and youth to maximize outcomes. Pact is also implementing OVC activities under the Global Fund Round 4. This helps to facilitate harmonization and coordination to support to the Government of Tanzania's Plan of Action for MVC.

With FY07 funds, PACT will work in 15 selected districts in a total of five regions, serving 37,000 OVC and providing training to 350 caregivers. These districts will be selected on the basis of data from the Tanzanian Health Indicator Survey (THIS) and the Poverty and Human Development Report 2005, together with information available through the Implementing Partners Group, to identify priority regions and districts based on HIV/AIDS prevalence, orphanhood, and existing levels of service.

Through its leadership role as the secretariat for the IPG, Pact will continue to help coordinate activities with other implementing organizations, sharing tools, materials, effective practices, and lessons learned, as well as ensuring that duplication of effort is minimized. This will involve working closely with the GOT and IPG members to prioritize activities for strengthening systems and structures at the national, district, ward, and village levels relating to comprehensive and quality programming for MVC. In particular, Pact will promote a standard approach for training across IPG members, including the implementation of the National Plan of Action and use of approved standardized training manuals, such as the national caretaking skills manual. Pact will also provide ongoing support to local Most Vulnerable Children Committees (MVCCs) organized at the village level to carry out training. At the national level, Pact will continue to second a Capacity Strengthening Officer and a Data Management Specialist to work the DSW for national systems strengthening.

FY07 funds will expand comprehensive service delivery for OVC through PACT's rapid sub-granting mechanism, which will issue and manage sub-grants to function as part of the OVC Implementing Partners Group. Another key activity will be identifying opportunities for linking and leveraging activities of other USG-supported activities for children and youth (e.g., Peace Corps, Department of Defense) and the related activities of other donors, as well as to devise a means for systematically and strategically engaging IPG network member activities with other activities to maximize outcomes for beneficiaries.

In the area of stigma and discrimination, Pact will continue to use the Stigma Tool Kit finalized in FY06 to train IPG partners in addressing attitudes that result in stigma and implementing anti-stigma activities. Pact will also work within its 15 districts to hold advocacy meetings and other forums to mainstream anti-stigma activities and assist with policy reform to facilitate a supportive context for reducing stigma and discrimination and increasing child protection.

As with all USG-funded implementing partners, PACT will support and encourage the use of the implementation of the national Data Management System, and will use that system

for their own Monitoring and Evaluation system. They will ensure that information not only feeds into the national system, but is also available to MVCCs at the local level for planning, decision making, and monitoring.

$400,000 in Plus Up funds are requested for additional scale up of OVC Programs. These funds will be used to do expand coverage of MVC identification in all the 19 Jali Watoto (Swahili term meaning " Caring for Children ") PACT districts. It will result in provision of services to an additional 5000 OVC and training of an additional 300 caretakers. To support this scale up, $250,000 of Plus Up funding is requested to scale up support to Most Vulnerable Children's Committees (MVCC). To ensure sustainability, the MVCC are expected to undertake the basic long-term role of identifying OVC, linking them with community-based OVC services, and providing data for the national Data Management System (DMS) to track OVC and OVC services. This additional funding for Jali Watoto will strengthen the role of the MVCC in all villages (ranging from 35-40) in at least two districts, and ensure that vulnerable children are fully identified and are linked to well coordinated support and care. Also, the slow roll out of the National DMS is a consequence of not having MVCC in many districts of Tanzania. The Plus Up funds will be also used to purchase 30 computers for the district social welfare officers and will ensure that information about MVC/OVC identified at the local level feeds into the national DMS. Lastly, additional Plus Up funding of $200,000 will be used by Pact to work with the Government of Tanzania's Department of Social Welfare (DSW) and other Implementing Partners who provide services to Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) to review and agree on the priority topics/training modules related to reducing stigma in the care of OVC. These modules will be included in the OVC caretaking manual and training package. The revised caretaking skills manual will be piloted in five of Pact's regions through Training of Trainers, in collaboration with DSW, so that it can be adapted as a standard training package for the MVCC. 200 individuals will be trained in anti-stigma with the new caretaking manual and training package. The revised caretaking skills manual, once formally approved by the DSW, will be printed and disseminated nationally.

Funding for Health Systems Strengthening (OHSS): $200,000

Additional funds would enable the PACT Jali Watoto project to print and distribute 1,000 copies of the revised anti-stigma toolkits to all USG partners involved in HIV /AIDS programming. The toolkit has recently been revised by AIDS Alliance. The two chapters on stigma experienced by youth and that experienced by OVC were revised by PACT, TZ given their experience with this target group. Funding would also enable Training of Trainers courses to be carried out with all USG partners on using the toolkit. Similarly, further Training of Trainers courses will be carried out with the MVC Implementing Partners Group, which consists of 53 organizations, and with the FHI UJANA project who will oversee use of the revised youth module with their partner outreach organizations. Stigma impacts on the ability of PLWA and OVC to access services; it is health care staff in particular who are often seen as perpetrating stigma in relation to PLWA and in turn children infected with HIV. Similarly, school personnel could benefit from being trained to work more sensitively with children affected by HIV/AIDS and to understand the pressures and stresses they live with. In response to this, the toolkit training program will target hospital and school personnel in districts covered by the Jali Watoto Program and USG partners. A key lesson learned from the Jali Watoto anti-stigma training program with youth, has been that anti-stigma training should not stand alone but should be incorporated into existing service provision programs. All efforts will be made to carry out training in districts in which Care and Treatment, OVC and HBC programs are already being implemented by USG partners in order to integrate the training into existing programs.


Target Target Value Not Applicable Number of local organizations provided with technical assistance for  HIV-related policy development Number of local organizations provided with technical assistance for  HIV-related institutional capacity building Number of individuals trained in HIV-related policy development  Number of individuals trained in HIV-related institutional capacity  building Number of individuals trained in HIV-related stigma and 125  discrimination reduction Number of individuals trained in HIV-related community  mobilization for prevention, care and/or treatment

Table 3.3.14:

Subpartners Total: $1,819,149
Department of Social Welfare: NA
Community Initiative Support Organization: NA
Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation - Tanzania: NA
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania (Various Dioceses): NA
Evangelical Lutheran Church in Tanzania (Various Dioceses): NA
FHI 360: NA
Iringa Development of Youth & Disabled, and Children Care: NA
Jane Goodall Institute: $15,700
Kagera Development And Credit Revolving Fund: NA
Karagwe District Education Fund: NA
Karagwe Youth Development Network: NA
Rulenge Diocesan Development Office: NA
Help Age International: NA
Tabora NGOs Cluster: NA
Tukolene Youth Development Centre: NA
Youth Advisory Development Council: NA
Zanzibar NGO Cluster for HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control: NA
Anglican Church (Various Dioceses): $150,000
Christian Council of Tanzania: $75,121
International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies: $7,348
Walio Katika Mapambano na AIDS Tanzania: $6,861
Umoja Social Support and Counseling Association: $98,876
Igogwe Roman Catholic Mission Hospital: $88,813
Kikundi Cha Huduma Majumbani Mbeya: $157,332
Masasi District Council: $48,000
Tandahimba District Council: $39,000
Newala District Council: $39,000
Bukomba District Council: $41,000
Kyela District Council: $39,000
Mtwara Municipal Council: $24,000
Bunda District Council: $24,000
Jikomboe Integra Development Association: $75,497
Shangwe Counselling Centre: $73,770
Rural AIDS Organization Women Group: $75,000
Tanzania Promotion of Self-Employment: $9,328
Newala NGO Newtork: $6,934
African Inland Church (Various Dioceses): $8,348
Action for Development Programs: $76,155
St. John's Hus Moravian Centre: $102,462
Youth Advisory Development Council: $77,690
Caritas Internationalis: $150,914
Musoma District Council: $39,000
Serengeti District Council: $39,000
Tarime District Council: $39,000
Mbeya City Council: $39,000
Mbozi District Council: $39,000
Rungwe District Council: $39,000
Save the Children: $75,000