PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Expenditure Sub-Program Areas track more specific PEPFAR expenditures.
Object classes provide highly specific ways that implementing partners are spending PEPFAR funds on programming.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
Beneficiary Expenditure data identify how PEPFAR programming is targeted at reaching different populations.
Sub-Beneficiary Expenditure data highlight more specific populations targeted for HIV prevention and treatment interventions.
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2007
The African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) will strengthen the capacity of South African
district government departments, Child Care Forums (CCFs), NGOs and CBOs, and service providers to
provide quality and accessible care and support for family members and caregivers through training,
mentoring, awareness raising and advocacy. Emphasis areas for this program are local organization
training and capacity building. Target groups for the program include family members and children older
than 18 years, caregivers of OVC, community and public sector health and social service workers.
AMREF is an international health and development NGO working in East and Southern Africa. In South
Africa, AMREF previously worked in Mpumalanga from 2001 to 2004. This work focused on strengthening
community caregiving infrastructures for OVC, including the improvement of capacity and integration of
service providers and government departments. Building on the OVC initiative in Kwazulu-Natal and
Limpopo province, AMREF has formed partnerships with key government and civil society stakeholders in
both Limpopo (Sekhukhune district) and KwaZulu-Natal (Umkhanyakude district). In these two particular
districts, in which 55% and 57% respectively of the population are under the age of 18. According to the
2006 antenatal survey, KZN has the highest HIV prevalence rate in the country at 20.6% whilst Limpopo
has a prevalence rate of 11.7%. AMREF has identified the need to develop a comprehensive program to
address the needs of other family members of HIV-infected individuals and OVC who are in need of
palliative care services. The project will be implemented in Kwazulu-Natal where the OVC project is being
implemented. AMREF's work is closely aligned to the aims of the Department of Social Development's
National Action Plan for OVC and the HIV and AIDS and STI National strategic plan 2007-2011.
ACTIVITY 1: Comprehensive Care for Family Members
The project will seek to facilitate access to health services to address needs of children and adults over 18
who are no longer classified as OVC under the South African constitution as well as PEPFAR guidelines.
The palliative care project recognizes that, while formal health services may provide episodic advice and
medical and material supplies, only community supporters/carers provide continuous patient care.
Currently, partners that AMREF is working with already have volunteers who are already offering home-
based care services, these volunteers will be trained to assess family members in need of palliative care
services since there are already dealing with and have experience in the provision of palliative care. These
services include assistance on how to manage common conditions associated with HIV and AIDS
opportunistic infections e.g. dealing with pressure sores, wound dressing etc. In addition, assistance will be
provided on how to deal with stigma and emotional trauma, grief management, assisting family members to
prepare for death psychologically, spiritually and physically. In addition, any households with family
members in need of palliative care that will have been identified by the OVC supporters will be given to the
home-based care volunteers for them to be entered into the palliative care program. The same will apply to
any OVC who will have been identified by home-based care supporters. Particular attention will be given to
child headed households and elderly headed households that may have a limited capacity to respond to the
needs of the sick family member. OVC will be counted in the OVC program area and eligible family
members will receive at least two categories of service from clinical/physical, psychological, spiritual, social
and preventive care.
1.1 Recruitment and Training of Volunteers
The project will not recruit new volunteers to implement the palliative care intervention but will utilize the
already existing volunteers who are already working on the home-based care intervention. Volunteers will
be encouraged to work within the neighborhoods where they reside in order for them to cover the area
adequately as well as minimize traveling time and concentrate on service provision. Training of volunteers
will be aimed at strengthening the services that they are already delivering under the department of health's
community home-based care program. This training will cover areas such as general health, common
diseases, health and hygiene as well as nutrition and wellness. In addition, AMREF will use its home-based
care manual to train volunteers in the delivery of home-based care services. Furthermore, volunteers will be
trained in the delivery of non-clinical services such as psychosocial support, health education as well as
basic HIV and AIDS prevention education for the family members. Care workers and providers will be
trained to conduct basic health care needs assessments, provide first aid and refer for clinical services that
include screening for pain and symptoms, diagnosis, doctor consultations and treatment. Carers will link
with local clinics and hospitals to ensure the provision of quality follow-up support for sick family members.
AMREF will link with established service providers in the area to provide clinical care for patients and family
members in need. One provider that AMREF intend collaborate with is Mpilonhle which is based in
Mtubatuba and operate a mobile medical unit and thus are best placed to conduct clinical assessments of
patients identified by AMREF's trained care supporters. The Africa Center will also be a potential AMREF
partner on the palliative care project.
1.2 Non Clinical Services Provided
Some of the services that AMREF's partner will provide include psychosocial support and counseling
services to clients identified within the home. Family members will also be taught on how to deliver home-
based care services to build their capacity to give palliative care to family members in the absence of the
community care supporters. Some of the services that they will be trained to deliver include medicine
administration, providing social and psychological support as well as how to deal with common conditions
such as skin conditions, bed sores, diarrhea, nausea and mouth infections as well as pain management.
Family members will also be provided with HIV prevention education to reduce the likelihood of infection
during the process of giving care to the sick family member. Other services that will also be provided include
home cleaning and washing services and food preparation. AMREF's role on the program will be to provide
technical assistance to partners in the implementation of the program. Technical support will be focused on
training of the partners' volunteers in the delivery of palliative care services. The training will focus on
monitoring and evaluation of their activities concerning the services that clients receive including training in
supervisory techniques aimed at ensuring that volunteers work and deliver the appropriate services to
clients as well as ensuring that services are of an exceptionally high standard.
ACTIVITY 2: Wellness Programs for Caregivers
Activity Narrative: The wellness model that AMREF will implement for caregivers will empower caregivers and help them
develop healthier lifestyles and enhance wellness in both the individual caregivers as well as their families.
AMREF will also use PEPFAR funding to conduct wellness programs, in collaboration with sub-partners, for
volunteer caregivers through facilitating linkage with the health care centers and Counseling and Testing
centers (clinics/hospitals) to ensure that carers receive the non-clinical (psychosocial support, spiritual
counseling, nutritional counseling) and clinical care (screening, diagnosis, doctor consultations, treatment,
and follow-up care) required. Volunteers will seek to transfer the knowledge and the skills that they will have
received from AMREF so that family members are able to provide care and support to family carers.
AMREF will also work with the CBO partners and the health care centers to develop support groups to
share coping skills and provide a support system for caregivers. Community care supporters will be
encouraged to form community carers forums aimed at building solidarity among care supporters, reduce
burn out and improve service delivery to clients. The community care forums will also present opportunities
for care supporters to socialize; provide each other with literacy training; health education; coping advice;
counseling and social support.
ACTIVITY 3: Capacity Building for Community partners
AMREF will continue to develop the capacity of community-based organizations by strengthening training
and systems development, support and follow-up for CBOs/NGOs engaged in palliative care and OVC
service delivery, including financial management, program and management skills, leadership and
governance and resource mobilization training. AMREF will train the selected partner organization selected
NGO workers and community care workers in psychosocial support and counseling for family members of
HIV-infected and OVC.
These activities will contribute to the PEPFAR goal by providing care to 10 million people who are HIV-
infected and family members of HIV-infected and OVC.
The African Medical and Research Foundation (AMREF) will strengthen capacity of South African district
government departments, Child Care Forums (CCFs), NGOs and CBOs, and service providers to provide
quality and accessible care and support for OVC, through training, mentoring, awareness-raising and
advocacy for children's rights. Emphasis areas for this program are training, gender (addressing male
norms and behaviors and reducing violence and coercion and local organization capacity development.
Target groups include OVC (0-18yrs) and their caregivers.
Africa, AMREF previously worked in Mpumalanga (from 2001 to 2004) strengthening community care-giving
infrastructure for OVC, including the improvement of capacity and integration of service providers and
government departments. Building on this initiative, AMREF has formed partnerships with key government
and civil society stakeholders in both Limpopo province (Sekhukhune district) and KwaZulu-Natal (KZN)
province (Umkhanyakude district). In these two particular districts, in which 55% and 57% respectively of
the population are under the age of 18, AMREF has identified the need to develop a comprehensive
program to address the needs of OVC by strengthening collaboration between, and capacity of, local
service providers, government and civil society groups. The districts are presidential rural nodal points
recognized by the SAG as the poorest and most under-resourced districts in South Africa. The NDOH
(2006) survey reported that KZN and Limpopo have high HIV prevalence rates (20.6% and 11.7%,
respectively) and a high number of OVC (57% and 55% respectively). Currently, AMREF has seven local
partners providing services to OVC located in sites in Sekhukhune and Umkhanyakude districts of KwaZulu-
Natal and Limpopo provinces, respectively where intervention will continue with FY 2007 PEPFAR funding.
Each of these partners, in turn, work with an average of three second line partners who spearhead
identification of children and servicing of these children within their locality. In FY 2008, AMREF is
proposing to add a new partner (Ndumo Drop-In Center) to be contracted as one of AMREF's first line
partners to increase reach and improve access to services in Umkhanyakude. AMREF work is closely
aligned to the aims of the Department of Social Development's (DOSD) National Action Plan for OVC as
well as the National HIV and AIDS Strategic Plan (2007-2011).
ACTIVITIES AND EXPECTED RESULTS:
ACTIVITY 1: Human Capacity Development
With FY 2008 PEPFAR funding AMREF will provide training, mentoring and on-site support to its eight
established CBO partners (first line partners) and their individual networks of emerging community groups
(second line partners) to strengthen care and support systems for OVC in the two districts. AMREF's first
line partners are those partners who have signed contracts with AMREF and receive sub grants from
AMREF and have been registered as community-based organizations (CBOs). Second line partners on the
other hand are community groups that have been formed to address needs that will have been identified in
their communities such as home-based care and orphans and vulnerable children. AMREF will focus on
system development at community level for first line level and service delivery at second line partner level.
For AMREF's first-line partners, capacity development activities will include training in financial, project,
organizational and human resource management. In addition, they will be trained in supportive supervision
to ensure that volunteers do the work they are supposed to do and that the quality is of a high standard.
AMREF will also provide capacity building support for second line partners from where most of the children
are identified and serviced. Particular attention will be on the identification, referral and support mechanisms
to ensure that children who will have been identified receive a comprehensive package of services. Second
line partners will receive essential training in the identification, servicing and referral system that has been
ACTIVITY 2: Care and Support Services
AMREF-trained community care workers and service providers will provide a comprehensive care and
support package for children requiring psychosocial, nutritional, educational and health care support.
Trained service providers will identify OVC and conduct needs assessments, home-visits, and psychosocial
support, provide nutritional support and counseling, and life skills training and homework supervision. In
addition, AMREF and its partners will also provide assistance with SAG social security grant applications,
succession planning and birth registration as well as on-going monitoring and follow-up for other essential
services including access to primary health care protection services, and information on HIV prevention and
interventions to reduce gender-based violence (GBV). AMREF will also continue to ensure that OVC under
five years access health care through integrated management of childhood infections (IMCI) and the
expanded immunization program (EIP) supported by UNICEF. This service package is provided directly to
OVC by the Children's Drop in Centers, CCFs, CBOs and NGOs including home-based care organizations.
Health practitioner capacity has often been cited as presenting a barrier for children and adolescents to
access health services. AMREF will strengthen the skills base of health care professionals in the delivery of
child friendly health services. AMREF also will work with the local clinics and health service providers to
promote provision of reproductive health service, counseling and testing, management of sexual violence as
well as information and counseling on development including nutrition, hygiene, and substance abuse. This
will be a major focus aimed at reducing death and disease, deliver on the rights of the children and
adolescents to health care
ACTIVITY 3: Strengthening district and civil society capacity and coordination
To ensure sustainability of support for OVC, AMREF will provide training in program design, planning and
implementation, monitoring and evaluation as well as technical support for government at district and
municipality levels (including District AIDS Council). AMREF will facilitate improved collaboration between
departments and integration of services by organizing and facilitating regular inter-agency/ departmental
meetings and forums. AMREF will provide organizational strengthening training and systems development,
support and follow-up for CBOs/NGOs engaged in OVC service delivery, including financial and program
management skills, leadership and resource mobilization training. AMREF will train selected NGO workers
and community care workers in psychosocial support and counseling for OVC. To cope with the number of
children in need of care, the establishment of community care structures is essential. AMREF will build on
the childcare forums that will have been established and strengthen these structures. CCFs will be key in
the identification and support of orphans through community-based care and support program. CCFs will
continue to be established in every ward and strengthened.
ACTIVITY 4: Community-level Advocacy
In FY 2008 AMREF will conduct consultations with civil society and government stakeholders to determine
community level advocacy issues. In response, AMREF will train youth, caregivers, service providers on
advocacy skills and planning and assist to develop strategies to advocate for changes to SAG policy and
practice concerning OVC, identify and work to eliminate bottlenecks in service provision and mobilize
resources. AMREF will facilitate and support advocacy meetings with traditional leaders, local and district
Activity Narrative: government. AMREF will also continue to support CCFs in their advocacy role at community level on behalf
of OVC. Specifically, AMREF will provide CCF members with training to support advocacy against GBV,
especially against female OVC. Some of the major challenges that orphans face include lack of access to
adequate treatment and care services, loss of property and lack of protection from abuse and exploitation.
AMREF will partner with organizations such as Legal AID, mobile clinical service providers as well as other
civil society and community-based organizations to ensure that there is synergy in the implementation of
program and that children get a comprehensive package of services.
ACTIVITY 5: Gender Mainstreaming
This component will build on the peer education initiative pilot that was started in 2007. Male OVC are a key
group of focus under this initiative. The gender-mainstreaming component seeks to increase the
participation of male OVC in the provision of care to other children as well as address the gender
stereotypes that tend to predispose female OVC to abuse. Male OVC will be educated on the norms and
behaviors that promote equality of the sexes. AMREF will use PEPFAR funds to continue training and
supporting community care workers, partners and other stakeholders (e.g. traditional leaders, teachers,
health workers, social workers) to mainstream gender into the delivery of a comprehensive service package
for OVC. AMREF will work with OVC service providers and stakeholders to develop and implement gender-
based violence awareness campaigns with specific focus on vulnerable populations such as female OVC
and the disabled. In addition, AMREF will work to sensitize parents and teachers to mainstream gender
issues in life skills training. Gender mainstreaming will include training on gender roles, genderbased
violence recognition and prevention, male/female norms and behaviors in OVC identification, referral, care
and support. AMREF willcontribute to PEPFAR's 2-7-10 goals ensuring qualitycare and supportservices