PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2008
This is an ongoing SUN Project activity and will focus on scaling up support to OVC and caregivers, and on
ensuring the saturation of services, in the project sites. CRS is presently implementing programs in 10
project sites located in 8 States namely Abuja, Edo, Kogi, Niger, Nassarawa, Benue, Kaduna and Plateau.
During the first quarter of COP08, CRS will initiate partnerships with three new project sites - two in Benue
and one in Plateau State. This is not a geographic expansion of the project, but rather an administrative
division of our largest existing partners to ensure better saturation of services. This will bring the total of
CRS OVC sites to 13.
The SUN Project will focus on improving the quality of services provided to enhance the quality of life for
OVC and caregivers through direct service provision and capacity building for providers, OVC households,
community support structures, and partner institutional capacity. All OVC within a household shall be
enrolled into the program and provided with comprehensive services including at least three of the following:
education/vocational support, health care, psychosocial support, OVC protection and economic
strengthening. In COP08, linkages will be sought for nutritional and educational support with USG
supported wrap-around activities in sites where these co-exist with CRS-SUN.
Education will be supported through teachers' training, and through operational partnerships with schools
which support a more conducive environment for learning for all students, including OVC, as well as the
provision of teaching materials. OVC completing vocational training will be linked to economic strengthening
opportunities including NDE, NAPEP and other viable government initiatives.
Healthcare will be promoted through partnerships with USG IPs, GON, FBOs and AIDSRelief healthcare
centres for growth monitoring and treatment of OIs; and through health education at support group meetings
and home visits. Other services include immunization, provision of preventive care packages comprising
insecticide treated nets and water guard/containers and the treatment of minor ailments during home visits.
Home visitors also refer clients they cannot treat to health facilities. In addition, all HIV positive OVC and
caregivers seeking health care support will be linked to local health facilities for palliative care and to the
nearest ART Treatment sites of their choice, which may include CRS-AIDSRelief sites.
Also with regard to health, a Peer Health Educators strategy will be initiated in schools and communities to
create demand for HCT among OVC, Caregivers and the general population. This will be facilitated through
the integration of services with the CRS 7D project care and support activities, since both projects support
are domiciled in the same households and communities. The two-way referral system between these
programs and with AIDSRelief will be strengthened. Psychosocial support will be provided through group
counseling, the formation of school HIV/AIDS prevention clubs, the reinforcement of established youth-
friendly centres, home visitation, and through the integration of OVC into community recreational facilities.
OVC protection support will be anchored by the Justice Peace and Development Commissions JPDC's in
each diocese. The specific focus areas of each partner within the domain of protection will vary in
accordance with the local priorities identified in the situation analysis, but will include birth registration for all
under fives enrolled in the CRS-SUN project, the strengthening of the effectiveness of the community justice
system for dealing with inheritance issues, the creation of awareness on child abuse and child rights, and
the linking of OVC to their siblings and/or extended families. Income generation activities for OVC and
Caregivers, volunteers and youth will be sustained and scaled up.
Partner capacity to serve OVC will also be strengthened as CRS supports the Catholic Secretariat of
Nigeria (CSN) to provide leadership, technical support and national coordination. CRS will also provide
mentoring and capacity building in project management, monitoring and evaluation, finance, administration,
and the management of small grants. This support is provided at all levels: for CSN directors, the CSN
Health Unit and provincial structures, including the Diocesan and Parish Action Committees on AIDS
(PACA) in all the project dioceses.
The M&E strategy will be participatory, community driven and aligned to the national Plan of Action on OVC
within the context of the ‘three-ones' initiative. Referral systems will be established with other IPs and with
the relevant GON supervisory agencies to track the quality of each component of the services that the OVC
receive, in accordance with Child status Index and GoN approved tools. In addition, a more intense and well
-structured monitoring and supervisory strategy will be adopted to further assure the quality of the services
provided. Effort will also be made to saturate services within reasonable and limited geographical areas by
mopping up all OVC in HIV/AIDS affected households within projects sites before expanding to other
The primary direct targets for this project will be 11,000 OVC receiving at least three components of
services. To this end, 510 PACA volunteers, teachers and key representatives of government will be trained
on OVC care and support. The new 510 target is in addition to COP07 commitments. CRS will also provide
services to 12,000 indirect beneficiaries by building the capacity of the OVC services providers at the local
government level. In each diocese, two government representatives will be trained in service delivery and
program monitoring. Each pair will be responsible for training 10 LGA-level service providers from identified
LGAs that are most in need as evidenced by the OVC situation analysis conducted. These 100 LGA service
providers will each reach 120 OVC with public services of increased quality.
CONTRIBUTIONS TO OVERALL PROGRAM AREA:
Activities in the program area are focused on strengthening the capacity of families and communities to
provide care and support for OVC. These activities contribute to the USG's PEPFAR five year strategy of
providing care and support to 400,000 OVC. This is also consistent with the Strategic Framework on OVC
by the provision of services to 11,000 OVC and training 510 service providers within faith based institutions.
In addition, specific policy and community mobilization capacity initiatives aimed at leveraging national
guidelines and procedures around the critical needs of OVC including school fees will be provided for CSN
leadership, Parish structure and other affiliated institutions.
LINKS TO OTHER ACTIVITIES:
This links to 3.3.11 (HIV treatment), 3.3.10 (HIV drugs), 3.3.06 (basic palliative care) and 3.3.07 (TB/HIV)
and 3.3.09 (VCT). CRS ‘7D' care and support projects is implemented in CRS OVC project States. All OVC
families receive community based care and support from the 7Diocese project. SUN/7D dual referral
Activity Narrative: strategy will be explored where OVC and their caregivers that are positive will be referred appropriately to
CRS AIDS Relief or other IP 3.3.11 sites for treatment while positive OVC from AIDSRelief sites will be
referred to SUN sites for appropriate and comprehensive OVC services. Infants born to PMTCT clients will
be followed up through the growth monitoring component of the OVC support services while children of
support group members in the 7D project will benefit from the OVC services. Through collaboration and
referral networks with organizations like Christian Aid and Aids relief, OVC's will access other services and
opportunities that are not provided directly by CRS SUN project.
POPULATIONS BEING TARGETED:
OVC, care givers of OVC, and other children/siblings living in OVC households are the direct project target
while FBOs, religious/community leaders, representatives of government supervisory agencies as well as
community volunteers constitute indirect beneficiary of CRS SUN project activities. The general population
of youth will benefit as a result of the life skills training that will be conducted in schools. AIDSRelief will also
refer their positive OVC on ART to the CRS OVC project to ensure they receive comprehensive package of
care for OVC on ART.
An emphasis area is the development of local partner's capacity to better organize itself and support OVC
services. Other emphasis areas are: community mobilization/participation; development of
network/linkages/referral system; information, education and communication and linkages with other sectors
This program will strive to address gender issues: specifically increasing women's legal rights through the
provision of support for legal fees and advice. Linkages with community efforts to provide assistance in
protecting women and children's legal rights will also be strengthened. Also, effort will be made to address
issues related to stigma and discrimination that hamper care and support activities as well as prevention
CRS SUN/OVC (SUN) will collaborate with the CRS 7 Dioceses (7D) project to provide SI activities to
strengthen M&E in 13 sites in eight project states in Nigeria; Edo, Benue, Niger, Nasarrawa, FCT, Plateau,
Kaduna and Kogi States. Activities will focus on program level reporting, Health Management Information
System (HMIS), and quality assurance, and will be aligned with the USG strategic information (SI) data
quality assessment/improvement (DQA/I) and capacity building plan to enhance reporting, monitoring, and
management of the 7D project.
The new monitoring and reporting system established in COP07 will be strengthened in COP08. An M&E
system review workshop will be conducted to assess the data collection tools and reporting structure
through a participatory process involving partners and representatives. Necessary adjustments will correct
any identified gaps or weaknesses of the system during the workshop. The 7D/SUN SI resources will be
used to modify and print existing M&E tools that complement the harmonized Government of Nigeria (GoN)
registers and reporting forms, to better capture program performance.
Due to high attrition rate of Parish AIDS Volunteers (PAVs), a quarterly M&E orientation and training will be
conducted at PACA level for the new volunteers by the diocesan M&E officers and M&E focal person in
each parish. Specifically two volunteers from each of the 13 partner arch/dioceses will be trained in basic
M&E to fully utilize the data collection tools they will use. SUN will support 7D in training 30 PAVs master
trainers who will each mentor 30 people giving a total of 780 trained PAVs. The SI component of the project
will also examine the motivation of volunteers and identify factors affecting attrition and satisfaction.
A refresher course on data management will be conducted for the 10 diocesan M&E officers while the
health coordinators and HIV/AIDS coordinators will be trained on the use of data for programmatic decision
making. Ongoing TA will be provided by the M&E specialist and the program managers to the diocesan
management staff on how to use data generated in each diocese to improve project management.
In order to improve the quality of data being collected at every level of the project, a data quality
assessment workshop will be held to train the diocesan M&E officers and program coordinators on how to
assess and monitor data quality. Internal data quality assessments will be conducted at regular intervals to
ensure the validity, reliability, timeliness, preciseness and integrity of data being collected.
The CRS home office will be working closely with the SUN staff to determine the training needs of our
partner organization and partner staff. The CRS training coordinator will also ensure that trainings follow
current modules, learning methods and curriculum that increase the capacity of participants to learn, retain
and apply new knowledge. The M&E specialist will provide technical support and training to partner staff.
The M&E specialist will collaborate with the training coordinator to enhance both quality and technical depth
of trainings. With technical support, partners will develop the capacity to evaluate their existing data and use
this information to influence programming and improve performance.
SI resources will also be used to support operations research. A "Do No Harm" analysis will be conducted in
five dioceses to assess the effects of our intervention on the rights, privacy and quality of life of the
beneficiaries and their families. An external consultant and or HIV/AIDS Technical Advisor from the CRS
regional office will join the program staff to conduct the study. In addition, the outcome of SI activities will
also help target the most vulnerable OVC in the community for support.
SUN SI activities will also focus on assessing compliance to existing national protocols and guidance for
service provision. The outcome of the assessment will provide updated information on training needs for the
A total of 13 Arch/dioceses and the CSN will participate in SI activities throughout the COP08. There will be
no geographical expansion in COP08 although three new dioceses are expected to be created from existing
10 dioceses while 65 youth OVC caregivers will be trained to support documentation during service
delivery. Services will be expanded within the same states and sites as COP07.
CONTRIBUTIONS TO OVERALL PROGRAM AREA:
The SI activities will contribute improved quality and reliability of data being reported on project activities
and service provision for OVC. Improvement in SI management capacity of existing and new partners will
ensure effective data use and management and will contribute towards the GON and USG strategy for the
provision of quality and timely information for decision making. This information will serve as a valuable
resource in developing corrective action plans that would enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of
operations and management of the SUN/OVC project. By strengthening the capacity of local partners, SI
activities will further increase the sustainability of HIV/AIDS programs in Nigeria.
LINKS TO OTHER ACTIVITIES:
SI activity relates to PMTCT (3.3.01), Abstinence and Be Faithful Prevention (3.3.02), Palliative Care: Basic
Health Care and Support (3.3.06), and Counseling and Testing (3.3.09). In addition, links with the GON and
other USG IPs will be strengthened.
POPULATIONS BEING TARGETED:
This activity targets faith based organizations and religious leaders.
Emphasis areas include human capacity development