PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
This activity is linked to ACQUIRE OHPS #8031 which allocates funding to support capacity building of Ministry counterparts and targeted technical assistance at a national level. It is a supplement to the global OGAC Men and HIV/AIDS Initiative, the goal of which is to integrate evidence-based program models and practices into HIV/AIDS prevention, care, and treatment programs to achieve large-scale, positive change in male norms, roles, and behaviors.
COP FY07 Plus Up Funding to the Initiative: ACQUIRE/Men as Partners will expand and accelerate priority male norms/behavior programs for USG FY07 im plementing partners. Specific activities will be identified through development of a national male norms/behavior strategy (which will be developed through the Initiative with expected completion by June 2007) and will be based on program performance in the initial stages of the Initiative. With the additional field support funds, The ACQUIRE Project and Instituto Promundo will provide technical assistance on male engagement in HIV and AIDS to at least an additional eight PEPFAR partners in addition to the ones who will be supported through the global gender initiative. The technical assistance will include support in the conceptualization, design and implementation of a Men and HIV/AIDS mass media campaign whose messages and targeting will support the national male norms strategy. Mass media will play a critical role in the overall initiative, lending scale and credibility to interpersonal communications, which is aimed for depth and highly specialized targeting. Johns Hopkins University/Health Communication Partnership's (JHU/HCP) local office is transitioning to direct funding as a local NGO under Namibian law, known as Nawa Life Trust (NLT). Pending results of the required pre-award survey, including financial/ organizational capacity evaluation and recent information regarding timing for availability of FY07 funding, it will initially enter into a ‘Leader with Associates Award' under JHU/HCP as NLT/JHU and move to direct funding when it meets all eligibility requirements under USAID's Acquisition and Assistance regulations. This process will ensure the continuity of program activities. The direct funding mechanism will replace the Associates Award and be implemented as soon as Nawa Life Trust is deemed eligible and is approved through the Botswana USAID Regional Contracting office.
Take Control Mass Media Campaign NLT will continue to work with the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting's (MIB) nationally mandated HIV/AIDS communication campaign, Take Control, to promote behavior change amongst 500,000 Namibians through radio and TV. Independent media marketing research reports that radio is available throughout Namibia in both urban and rural areas and that TV access through community viewing has penetrated many peri-urban areas in the north. Take Control has an executive board which is responsible for program and message planning; the membership consists of other line ministries, NGO/FBOs, USG and UN representatives. Since 05, NLT has worked through Take Control to reach the general population with messages on abstinence, secondary abstinence, fidelity and counseling and testing (CT). NLT worked closely with UNICEF and Take Control to spearhead its Call To Action Campaign: Be Your Own Hero, which utilized radio, television, newspapers and IEC materials, to transmit strong AB and partner testing messages. The USG VCT partner, SMA, measured and reported that there was a significant increase experienced by VCT centers nationwide. Through its work with Take Control, NLT has helped strengthen and expand this Government led media campaign by encouraging active participation and ownership by and between governmental, non-governmental, Faith-based and UN organizations.
In FY07, NLT will continue working with the Partnership for Take Control, assisting the MIB and other stakeholders in developing and testing abstinence, secondary abstinence, and fidelity messages with a particular emphasis on encouraging men to understand the benefits of being caring, understanding partners and secondary prevention with PLWHAs. NLT will work closely with Take Control on the second phase of its national relationship campaign, You & Me…together against HIV, which will focus on such values as trust, respect, responsibility, honesty and communication in relationships to promote abstinence, fidelity, and partner reduction. The concept behind the campaign being that if men and women have healthy, respectful relationships based on the above-mentioned values, it's more likely that they will abstain or be faithful, go for HIV testing together, and support each other should treatment be necessary. Given the high incidence of gender violence in Namibia, many of these messages will be directed toward men, highlighting their role in
contributing to healthy relationships and the need for them to take responsibility for their behavior in their relationships with women. NLT will also work with this national campaign to develop effective media strategies using critical research findings and results from community needs assessments (see also Strategic Information).
Within the framework of the national communication strategy, NLT will support the implementation of USG program components that link with other partners promoting abstinence/delay, partner reduction, secondary prevention/living positively, uptake of VCT and treatment services. This will include supporting the production of three TV spots, three radio spots and a variety of print materials that promote these behaviors as well as the development of outreach activities for Community Action Forums (CAFs) that take the same messages to the community level and provide opportunities for interpersonal communication around campaign topics (see also Condoms and other Prevention).
Prevention with Positives Community Adaptation Preliminary evidence from the U.S. and some African countries indicates that prevention of sexual transmission interventions for PLWHA have been effective. The USG will work with NLT, MoHSS, and other USG partners to deliver prevention messages through the "Prevention with Positives" (PwP) initiative in clinical and community settings. NLT will work in partnership with initiative partners such as JHU/South Africa to adapt the curricula for use by community partners, to assist with TOT trainings and the development of community-based materials supporting the OGAC PwP initiative.
Community Outreach NLT will continue working through its 16 CAFs, as a means of conducting HIV/AIDS activities throughout the country at the community level. It will also continue to conduct HIV/AIDS training and refresher workshops with 240 CAF members, which include abstinence, fidelity and partner reduction as key prevention behaviors. They will conduct community outreach efforts in churches, schools and shebeens (local, non-licensed bars), reaching over 20,000 people. NLT has also implemented a pilot community sports intervention for young men and trained 32 CAF members and 32 community members as facilitators in its new sports-oriented HIV prevention curriculum, Nawa Sport. CAF members will work exclusively with men in community-based soccer teams combining a sport discipline and team work philosophy with strategic communication on prevention through entertaining sports events, aiming to reach an additional 23,000 Namibian men and boys. The Nawa Sport curriculum contains sessions emphasizing the benefits of abstinence, fidelity and partner reduction as prevention strategies underscoring the dangers of multiple partners. (See Condoms and Other Prevention).
Johns Hopkins University/Health Communication Partnership's (JHU/HCP) local office is transitioning to direct funding as a local NGO under Namibian law, known as Nawa Life Trust (NLT). Pending results of the required pre-award survey, including financial/organizational capacity evaluation and recent information regarding timing for availability of FY07 funding, it will initially enter into a ‘Leader with Associates Award' under JHU/HCP as NLT/JHU and move to direct funding when it meets all eligibility requirements under USAID's Acquisition and Assistance regulations. This process will ensure the continuity of program activities. The direct funding mechanism will replace the Associates Award and be implemented as soon as Nawa Life Trust is deemed eligible and is approved through the Botswana USAID Regional Contracting office.
As in previous years, behavior change programs will support the reduction of sexual partners and high risk behaviors,while focusing on faithfulness and increasng uptake of services and secondary prevention for PLWHA. At the community level, these goals will be achieved through three primary community prevention interventions driven by Community Action Forums (CAFs): community outreach, sports and community cinema- reaching over 40,000 community members through these programs. Activities at the community level will be closely linked with national level campaigns, (see section AB and Systems Strengthening) and treatment literacy community radio programming (see section Palliative Care). In FY07, NLT will focus on expanding and improving the quality of these interventions and leveraging the work of other PEPFAR partners (SMA, COLS, AED, DAPP and CAA) to take the programs to scale. These strategic partnerships will foster synergy and generate greater reach within different communities amongst a more diverse population. NLT's target audience remains the general public, but with an emphasis on aggressively involving men and PLWHA.
Community outreach through CAFs By the end of 06, NLT will have supported the establishment of 14 CAFs in 11 out of the 13 regions in Namibia with two additional ones created during 07, bringing the total number of CAFs to 16. These locally elected community outreach groups consist of 15 community members each, men and women, from the ages of 15 to 60. The purpose of a CAF is to conduct HIV/AIDS outreach sessions within the community at large, addressing identified barriers to behavior change such as stigma (accessing testing and ART) and alcohol abuse (key factor in gender violence), engaging male support/participation for services (PMTCT, VCT, ART), promoting HIV/AIDS support services offered by other PEPFAR partners including the MoHSS and advocating for additional and/or improved services. Focus topics address HIV/AIDS issues identified by community participatory assessments and household surveys, and where feasible, identify synergies with other stakeholder initiatives and/or regional and national media campaigns. In FY07, 240 CAF members will receive training on the following themes; partner reduction, male responsibility and participation, care and support, stigma and discrimination and living positively/nutrition etc. NLT will scale up its community sports and cinema programs. Both programs will supplement and reinforce the prevention messages provided through a more conventional channel of outreach activities and media campaigns (see above and AB prevention). These programs will engage specific groups that have traditionally been or have become reluctant to participate in typical HIV/AIDS related activities (young boys, men, older adults). In addition, these activities will offer safe, alcohol free, leisure activities that foster self-esteem (sports) and provide low risk alternatives to the pastimes most common in most communities- alcohol and sex.
Nawa Sport is a behavior change activity designed to engage young men 15 to 35yrs in HIV/AIDS prevention and care activities. It is an active intervention that uses soccer discipline and metaphors to capture the attention of young men in an environment where they feel comfortable and to explore sensitive issues around HIV/AIDS and relationships. The tool consists of a ‘coaches' curriculum, a training kit and a participant's workbook. Besides providing basic HIV/AIDS information, it emphasizes partner reduction, condom use, partner testing, stigma reduction and the negative effects of alcohol. Nawa Sport was successfully implemented in 8 sites during 06 after an initial pilot phase in 05. An informal evaluation of the pilot revealed a need for ongoing technical assistance from Sports for Life and Grassroots Soccer, stronger supervision of ‘coaches', a program coordinator and a more user friendly monitoring system. The roll out in 06 implemented all these recommendations and for 07 plans to perform an impact evaluation of the program with the assistance of a research company (TBD) (see Strategic Information).
NLT will continue the program in the current sites in 07 and add another 4 sites, aiming to reach over 20,000 men. It will also provide technical assistance to other PEPFAR implementing partners, COLS (AB youth), DAPP (general population) and AED (AB in schools) to implement Nawa Sport, thereby creating greater reach for the intervention. Through the CAFs and in collaboration with the three partner organizations, TOTs will be conducted to train men to be ‘coaches' and role models to reach young men. The program will be managed centrally by a Nawa Sport Coordinator and regionally through NLT's Regional Coordinators.
Street Soccer After completing the Nawa Sport program, participants can sign up to become part of the Nawa Sport Street Soccer Community. This program will continue to use event and direct marketing tools (tournaments, soccer clinics, newsletters, competitions) to establish direct rapport with participants and encourage young adults to play sports as a safe leisure activity and to reinforce the messages given throughout the training.
Community Cinema In FY06, Nawa Life made the decision to introduce community cinema in place of community drama to improve the quality of the intervention and to have more control over messages and content. Community Cinema is targeted at an older audience and, like Nawa Sport, offers adults an alternative form of entertainment to sitting in shebeens (local bars) and drinking. Large groups of community members are reached through this edutainment activity and it provides an opportunity for a multitude of complex themes to be addressed simultaneously. This program is being piloted with two tools. One is a regionally developed tool called Steps for the Future consisting of 10 HIV/AIDS videos and a facilitation guide. An international NGO, Ibis, has used it successfully and has provided NLT with the training to pilot this in 2 CAF sites. The other is Tsha Tsha, the highly popular South African TV series developed by the South African Broadcasting Corporation and JHU/HCP/South Africa. Although Tsha Tsha is in a local South African language, it has English sub-titles and has a very high entertainment value. This is being piloted in another 2 CAF sites. Depending on the outcome of the pilot phase, one of the tools will be used and/or adapted to expand to an additional 5 CAF sites (reaching over 20,000 people) and as with Nawa Sport, relevant partners such as ELCAP (FBO/youth), will be identified who can incorporate into their programs. This program will be implemented by NLT Regional Coordinators and their CAF counterparts.
Johns Hopkins University/Health Communication Partnership's (JHU/HCP) local office is transitioning to direct funding as a local NGO under Namibian law, known as Nawa Life Trust (NLT). Pending results of the required pre-award survey, including financial/organizational capacity evaluation and recent information regarding timing for availability of FY 07 funding, it will initially enter into a ‘Leader with Associates Award' under JHU/HCP as NLT/JHU and move to direct funding when it meets all eligibility requirements under USAID's Acquisition and Assistance regulations. This process will ensure the continuity of program activities. The direct funding mechanism will replace the Associates Award and be implemented as soon as Nawa Life Trust is deemed eligible and is approved through the Botswana USAID Regional Contracting office.
To further strengthen mobilization with PLWHA and within communities to ensure awareness of the importance of and access by PLWHA (adults and children) to preventive care services and treatment literacy, including but not limited to: Co-trimoxizole prophylaxis; counseling and testing for PLWHA and their family members; in malarial areas, malaria prevention measures; routine screening for TB; safe water and personal hygiene measures; clinical nutritional counseling; prevention counseling, services and availability of condoms; routine immunizations, growth monitoring and integrated infant and young child feeding messages, NLT will collaborate with Ibis (Danish NGO provides TA to PLWHA groups), Lironga Eparu (national PLWHA organization) and College of the Arts/Media and Technology (MATS) (GRN/MIB arts and media training institution) to develop 13 episodes for community radio programs as a follow-up to FY 06 programming.
NLT will continue to subcontract Ibis to strengthen Lironga Eparu regional support groups by training 150 PLWHAs on preventive care and treatment literacy, prevention strategies and public advocacy. Technical program support will be provided by MATS in collaboration with NLT, Ibis and Lironga Eparu. MATS will train selected PLWHA support group members (approximately 10 x4 sites= 40) in basic media skills (especially on presentation skills and basic production/recording) and provide ongoing feedback and support to the radio teams to ensure continued quality programming. The program will continue to be designed and informed in collaboration with PLWHA and their direct supporters, providing a safe forum to provide critical information and discussion within a public arena of sensitive problems and issues related to living with HIV and AIDS; thereby contributing to the reduction of stigma by open discussion.
Standardized materials will be produced in two or three local languages and provided to support group members in project sites (FY06 = 3, FY07 = 4) that have received training from MATS. These groups will then present and utilize these materials at their communities. Two additional support groups (TBD) will be trained in preventive care, treatment literacy, prevention strategies and public advocacy and integrated into the production of the program throughout FY07. Selected support group members will also receive basic media training, enabling them to contribute more effectively to the radio program.
In FY07, trainings will include SMA New Start/Dfid sponsored post-test clubs in addition to Lironga Eparu support groups. CAF members will also continue collaborating with support groups in their communities on various activities. By FY07, the radio program will evolve from primarily community broadcasted radio to national broadcasting utilizing in collaboration with the Namibia Broadcasting Corporation, a Namibia para-statal under the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (MIB), increasing reach to (100,000 people) the national level.
Prevention with Positives In Namibia, current community strategies to address prevention with positives is weak. PLWHA groups and community care providers are often unclear on what prevention messages to deliver and how to mobilize access to prevention services and condoms which may reduce risk (e.g. PMTCT services, family planning). Community care providers have ongoing contact with PLWHA and may be the only source of information for many clients in their community. However, they are not fully equipped to address prevention within care settings. NLT will work with CDC, the MOHSS, CBOs/NGOs/FBOs, support groups and PLWHA to adapt prevention with positives curricula from the clinical setting to the community setting for community care providers to deliver prevention messages and mobilize for essential risk reduction services, as well as improving overall decision making.
NLT will also support USG partners and their community care volunteers by TOT trainings and materials supporting the prevention with positives adaptation.
Through the radio program, 100,000 people will be provided with information on issues related to secondary prevention, preventive care and treatment. 150 PLWHAs will be trained by Ibis on treatment literacy, positive living and prevention strategies and public speaking. 60 PLWHAs will be trained by the College of the Arts in content development and radio production.
In FY07, NLT/JHU's SI activities will continue with quantitative information gathered through the two year mid-term household surveys and qualitative data from community participatory assessments in selected treatment sites throughout the country. Based on guidance from the USG, network surveys will be discontinued in FY07. There will also be significant changes in the management of the SI activities which were previously managed by technical staff in Baltimore. These duties will now be coordinated by the new NLT Monitoring and Reporting (M&R) Officer with technical assistance from the South African based Center for AIDS Development Research and Evaluation (CADRE) (7456). This year, NLT will also focus on improving its system M&E process and will evaluate its Nawa Sport program (7455, 7457, 7456).
In FY07, the two-year mid-term household surveys will be conducted in Grootfontein, Omaruru and Gobabis, while four-year final surveys will be conducted in Oshikuku, Oniipa and Rehoboth, a total of 6 surveys. The local research firm, Research Facilitation Services, will continue to perform data capturing (24 field workers are trained to capture the data) and data cleaning. One national and four regional research dissemination workshops (reaching 81 organizations) and three data utilization workshops will be held to ensure that USG partners have information to guide their planning and evaluation efforts. Responding to partner requests and lessons learned: NLT will place a stronger focus on interpreting its findings for stakeholders to use in program planning and the dissemination workshops will be improved by positioning the results in light of local and regional trends, providing a venue to other implementing partners to share their data, conducting a deeper analysis of the community participatory assessments and linking qualitative information to the household survey data.
In FY07, NLT will perform two more community participatory assessments in Khorixas and Opuwo. The participatory assessment is an operational research tool that engages entire communities to identify and take ownership of identified HIV/AIDS problems. These assessments result in the formation of Community Action Forums (CAF) (7455, 7457, 7456). As with the household surveys, assessments are conducted in targeted areas where ART, PMTCT and VCT services are offered. The assessments begin with consultations with regional and local leaders to receive guidance and approval on the roll-out date and area for community assessment/mobilization program. The intent is to intervene in areas where the assessment will be most beneficial in terms of gathering information for program planning and implementation as well as for the community to develop an understanding of what is fueling the HIV/AIDS epidemic in their area. Data on what makes people vulnerable to HIV/AIDS is collected through focus groups, men and women in separate age groups of 15-25, 26-45 and 46+, as this has been found to be more effective in eliciting sensitive information on sexual practices and preferences and is facilitated by trained trainers from the community (7456). In total, 36 community members will be trained in the participatory learning assessment tool. The findings from these community assessments are reported to and first shared with the community through a community feedback meeting. Attendance at each meeting averages over 100 community members. This process helps community members identify issues and openly discuss how to address negative social norms that may fuel the spread of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. The findings are then further shared with regional stakeholders and at a national level during the annual dissemination workshop.
In FY06 NLT hired a Monitoring and Report writing person to coordinate monitoring, reporting and research activities. It is anticipated that, with technical assistance from CADRE, this will assist in improving the use of data by decision makers and ensure that data collected by partners is disseminated, in particular SMA's New Start statistics and
TRaC results and visa versa. CADRE will also assist the M&R Officer in reviewing monitoring tools, ensuring that data collection and reporting techniques are accurate, valid and reliable. The M&R person will represent NLT on the MoHSS's Social Science Research Committee, ensuring cross-pollination of activities and results. To measure success and impact of NLT programs, an external research firm (TBD) will be contracted to do a targeted evaluation of one of NLT's interventions, most likely Nawa Sport since this is a new and large program, in which various PEPFAR partners involved.
Organizational development During 06, the NLT staff doubled from 9 to 18 members. The organization is in the process of transitioning from a JHU/HCP-managed field office into an independently operated and Namibian staffed NGO, Nawa Life Trust. Therefore, 07 will be a year of adjustment and organizational development while ensuring the same high quality interventions and programs. NLT plans to make capacity building a priority both within the organization as well as with its sub-partners at community and national levels. NLT programmatic staff will receive training or refresher training in strategic planning, management, M&E, report writing and behavior change communication. Where feasible, NLT will participate in capacity building trainings of the international capacity building NGO, PACT, a PEPFAR partner. NLT plans to ensure that program managers receive updated HIV/AIDS training and skills building, especially with regard to stigma, alcohol abuse and gender issues.
Significant capacity building with regard to NLT's strategic information activities will also take place this year. Whereas in FY06, the strategic vision, analyses and write-up of household survey data were performed by the JHU SI team in Baltimore, these tasks will now be coordinated by the NLT Monitoring and Reporting (M&R)Coordinator with technical assistance from a South African-based research company, the Centre for AIDS Development Research and Evaluation (CADRE) (see Strategic Information).
Community level capacity building During the assessment phase of the community mobilization activities, NLT builds local capacity in each CAF site by training six nominated facilitators in the participatory assessment research tool; these facilitators then train 12 additional trainers. The facilitators and trainers are responsible for conducting with focus group discussions with men and women in separate age groups of 15-25, 26-45 and 46+ years to gather information on what they believe makes them and their community members vulnerable to HIV/AIDS. Following the focus group discussions, NLT facilitates a two-day community feedback meeting in which leaders, community members and peer groups share the information revealed during focus group sessions (see Strategic Information). This process helps community members identify issues and openly addressing negative social norms. At the feedback meetings, participants choose whether to establish a locally-elected Community Action Forum (CAF) to address the identified problems (see A/B, Condoms and Other Prevention Other). This community level process also supports and/or helps develop the linkages between communities and HIV/AIDS service delivery organizations. In 07 NLT will perform two more community participatory assessments (see Strategic Information) during which 36 community members will be trained as trainers and facilitators and an additional 2 CAFs will be formed bringing the total number of CAFs in 07 to 16.
After three years of helping to establish and develop Community Action Forums (CAFs), NLT has found that CAFs require ongoing and innovative approaches to capacity building to plan and implement their HIV/AIDS activities more effectively. This includes training in planning, organizing, monitoring, basic accounting, and facilitation skills. Although NLT has worked to develop the capacity of 16 CAFs in these performance areas, it will improve on these efforts by consolidating training materials into a Capacity Building Training Package. This package will compliment the existing CAF HIV/AIDS Action Pack, by mapping out a schedule that will ensure orientation and refresher trainings on leadership, planning, monitoring, accounting and facilitation skills for the 240 CAF members (see Other Prevention).
In 07, NLT will hire a fifth Regional Coordinator to support the 2 new CAFs that will be
formed as a result of the community participatory assessments in the central/west region. Regional Coordinators sited in the regions have significantly improved the quality of CAF activities, providing ground-level supervision and training on a more regular basis than Program Officers can offer from Windhoek. They also represent NLT and the CAFs at the Regional AIDS Coordinating Committee meetings (RACOC) and other regional events. Regional Coordinators, along with Nawa Life program staff, are also trained as trainers for all of prevention interventions (see AB and Other Prevention). In 07, NLT also plans to send its Regional Coordinators and selected CAF members to the SMA (a Prevention and VCT implementing partner) training on conducting Health Awareness Days so that the successes of SMA's outreach program can be built on and adapted to NLT's community mobilization activities. The CAFs and SMA will also collaborate with each other to develop synergies and avoid duplication in their respective community outreach activities.
In 06, NLT acknowledged an important lesson, that CAF members require incentives to sustain and successfully implement activities. NLT has now established a monthly activity planning and budgeting system for CAFs to provide program support in implementing scheduled activities. This support includes discrete funding for each activity, transportation, communication costs to organize activities and the provision of IEC materials for distribution. In 07, these incentives will continue but NLT will also introduce the concept of a ‘champion' CAF. This will be a system designed to objectively rate each CAF on its leadership, organizational abilities, program quality and number of HIV/AIDS prevention activities and initiatives conducted. Not only will this assist NLT in monitoring the progress of each CAF, but it will also encourage healthy competition between CAFs to improve their performance standards. Regular feedback and recognition will be provided in addition to a rewards ceremony during the annual CAF conference and published in Nawa Info (the CAF newsletter) to keep CAFs informed of innovative activities and success stories from other regions.
National level capacity building NLT will continue providing technical assistance to the Ministry of Information Broadcasting (MIB) for its Take Control media campaign and Ministry of Health and Social Services, development of IEC materials at the national level. NLT staff will assist the MIB, MoHSS and other collaborating partners in developing the 07 strategic communication plan for the national campaign. It will also provide technical assistance in message development, pre-testing and production of TV and radio spots and print materials (see AB section).