Detailed Mechanism Funding and Narrative

Years of mechanism: 2011 2012 2013 2014

Details for Mechanism ID: 12994
Country/Region: Kenya
Year: 2011
Main Partner: Academy for Educational Development
Main Partner Program: NA
Organizational Type: NGO
Funding Agency: USAID
Total Funding: $6,755,187



This is a new mechanism expected to be in place by FY 2011. The purpose of the FANIKISHA Institutional Strengthening project is to build the capacity of Kenyan organizations to lead and empower civil society (CS) to better respond to the health needs and well-being of all Kenyans.

Comprehensive Goals and Objectives

The strategic goal of USAID/Kenya's Implementation Framework for the Health Sector (IFHS) (2011-2015) is "Sustained improvement of health and well-being for all Kenyans". This Institutional Strengthening project will contribute to this overarching strategic goal under its Strategic Objective to "Build capacity of national level CSOs to provide sustainable leadership to deliver on the Community Response".


Since 2004, USAID/Kenya's Office of Population and Health (OPH) has provided support in collaboration with the Government of Kenya (GoK) through its Kenya Small Grants and Institutional Strengthening Program (KSGISP) to strengthen organizations providing HIV/AIDS support and non-clinical care services especially targeted to orphans and other vulnerable children (OVCs), prevention among substance-abusing populations, HIV counseling and testing, and palliative care and support. In addition to improving the quality of these services provided by organizations in Kenya, KSGISP II provided technical assistance that effectively improved the organizational and technical capacity of 49 non-governmental organizations (NGOs), faith-based organizations (FBOs) and community-based organizations (CBOs).With a new five-year Implementation Framework for the Health Sector (2011-2015) in place, USAID/Kenya will build upon and redirect successful aspects and lessons learned in institutional strengthening under KSGISP I & II through a new Institutional Strengthening project, hereafter referred to as FANIKISHA. USAID Kenya's next five-year health sector (2011-2015) assistance will be implemented at all levels of the geographic scope to include national, provincial, district and community levels. This new five-year CSO institutional strengthening project is expected to operate primarily at the national level with appropriate linkages to the district and community levels as part of the overall Implementation Framework for the Health Sector.

Key activities

The FANIKISHA project will:

1. Identify and strengthen the capacity of approximately 4-8 national-level Kenyan CSOs and/or CS umbrella organizations to enable them to:

mentor and build the institutional and technical capacity of affiliate CSOs;

manage significant donor grant funds in excess of US$ 300,000 annually for small grants programs to improve and expand access to health services;

advocate for a larger role for CSOs in implementing community health service delivery and for the inclusion of CSOs in the development of national policies and strategies for Community Health and implementation planning;

2. Develop a CSO database for the health sector and work with the custodial ministry to maintain the data base and establish standard criteria for CSO inclusion for a country-led/owned and managed Health CSO database;

3. Develop standards for institutional and technical capacity building, including standard procedures for APHIA Plus Service Delivery partners to use in rolling out IS tools and approaches. Designation of standard indicators for tracking IS achievements to support and complement the CSO strengthening component of the APHIA Plus Project and other appropriate projects that may work with CSOs within the Implementation Framework for Health

Linkages to the Partnership Framework/GHI principles

This mechanism will contribute to the following principles:

The principle of increasing impact through strategic coordination and integration through enhancing the capacity of Kenyan CSOs, GoK and Development partners to ensure a synergetic approach without duplication of effort and high transaction costs.

The principle of encouraging country ownership and country managed programs. This will be through identifying and strgthening a GoK ministry to manage and maintain the CSO database for sustainability.

Geographic coverage and target populations

The scope of the program is national with regional support to the APHIA Plus Service Delivery partners

Key contributions to health system strengthening

The emphasis of this project is on institutional strengthening rather than on health service delivery, although the eventual and intended outcome of institutional strengthening is, of course, improved health service delivery and improved linkage between the communities and health facilities for better health outcomes.

Cross-cutting programs and key issues


Strategy for Cost-efficiency

The implementing partner for the FANIKISHA project will be required to fully support country priorities and programs and to establish seamless mechanisms for coordination and communication with the GoK and other local organizations, donors and development partners

Monitoring and Evaluation plans

These will be developed and key indicators and milestones highlighted

Funding for Care: Adult Care and Support (HBHC): $450,000


Funding for Care: Orphans and Vulnerable Children (HKID): $2,480,000


Funding for Testing: HIV Testing and Counseling (HVCT): $425,187


Funding for Health Systems Strengthening (OHSS): $600,000


Funding for Sexual Prevention: Abstinence/Be Faithful (HVAB): $1,000,000


Funding for Sexual Prevention: Other Sexual Prevention (HVOP): $1,550,000


Funding for Prevention: Injecting and Non-Injecting Drug Use (IDUP): $250,000


Key Issues Identified in Mechanism
Addressing male norms and behaviors