PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Linked to Activities 9308,9671,9683,9725. SUMMARY: Activities are focused on improving the availability and quality of PMTCT services at 53 USG-supported sites through frequent technical assistance visits; application of a quality assurance (QA) approach in supervision and monitoring of the sites, in coordination with IHNSAC; participation in the training of new PMTCT providers that are trained at the Haitian Institute of Community Health (INHSAC), a sub-partner to I-TECH; carrying out a coordinating role among the USG partners that work in PMTCT and linking their activities to USAID-funded maternal health activities in non-PEPFAR programs. The primary emphasis areas for this activity are local organization capacity development and QA, quality improvement and supportive supervision. The primary target populations are health workers and pregnant women.
BACKGROUND: Over the past two years (FY 2005 and FY 2006), the Johns Hopkins Program for International Education in Gynecology and Obstetrics (JHPIEGO) has supported the development of the PMTCT training package in collaboration with the Ministry of Health (MOH), has trained over 300 providers at over 40 sites, and has provided technical assistance to at least 18 sites in the form of needs assessments, supportive supervision, and equipment acquisition. In FY06, JHPIEGO will introduce the standards-based management and recognition (SBM-R) approach to service quality improvement and will provide support to a local training institution (INHSAC) to conduct on-going PMTCT training for new staff and ensure that they establish in-country training capacity. JHPIEGO has worked closely with all 10 regional departmental directorates of the MOH to plan and implement institutional strengthening activities, and will continue this effort by transferring supervision skills to departmental staff overseeing PMTCT activities.
ACTIVITIES AND EXPECTED RESULTS:
There are three activities that will be carried out in FY 2007.
Activity 1: JHPIEGO will provide technical assistance to staff in 53 designated PMTCT sites to improve their capacity to offer counseling, testing, and treatment to women in antenatal care, labor and delivery, post-natal care and also increase referrals of both mothers and babies to HIV/AIDS care and treatment centers. Support will be provided to improve the organization of the clinical services (e.g. patient enrollment, patient flow, referral to other HIV/AIDS services.) A PMTCT adherence plan will be developed with each HIV positive pregnant women as part of her more comprehensive birth plan. This adherence plan will involve all three stages of pregnancy: antenatal, labor and delivery, post-natal periods, to make it very clear to the woman how important interventions at each stage are to the complete treatment. This effort should increase the number of women tested and the number of HIV-positive women following a full course of prophylactic treatment. Funds will be used for regular site visits during which providers are observed, using standardized tools and frameworks, performing their tasks so that gaps can be addressed and issues resolved. JHPIEGO will serve as a link with other USG support to these institutions by informing them of ongoing needs, such as those related to equipment, materials, ARV drugs, human resources, information management, infrastructure, community mobilization and behavior change communication. JHPIEGO will coordinate with the CRS and PIH networks to ensure that standardized quality PMTCT services are provided at all PEPFAR supported sites. JHPIEGO will also ensure that the PMTCT sites are linked with other, non-PEPFAR USAID initiatives to improve maternal health service delivery.
Activity 2: JHPIEGO will support INHSAC to implement supportive supervision and QA mechanisms. In FY06, JHPIEGO is charged with introducing SBM-R approach to performance and quality improvement in 12 obstetric care services in the country, specifically for PMTCT service delivery. In FY07, JHPIEGO will conduct a follow-up assessment at these 12 sites to assess the impact of this structured approach to QA and will hold a workshop to introduce nine additional sites for FY07 to the process. With the view to establishing the technical capacity in INHSAC to carry out this QA methodology, site visits will be made with INHSAC staff to continue this approach in all USG-supported PMTCT sites. Funds will also be used to run a workshop for INHSAC staff on how to implement the SBM-R approach. This activity is related to human resource retention because it emphasizes recognition for achieving standards, a key strategy for retaining staff.
Activity 3: JHPIEGO will serve as coordinating agency of institutions providing PMTCT support in coordination with the MOH. Funds will be used to hold quarterly meetings with all USG partners, as well as other donor-funded institutions and MOH facilities that are involved in PMTCT service delivery, in order to improve communication and coordination, to share lessons learned and to analyze reported service delivery data to be able to make programmatic adjustments and decision. While JHPIEGO is not charged with working at the community level, it will work with other USG partners to ensure that community interventions with pregnant women by trained birth attendants and community health agents are linked to the facility-level services.