PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Subdivisions of Program Areas, these track general higher level sub-classifications of expenditure.
Subdivisions of Major categories, these are the most detailed expenditure data.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
Years of mechanism: 2008
This is an ongoing, five-year, Track 1-funded AB activity.
This activity aims to reduce HIV transmission among youth ages 15-29 through increasing the number of
youth and young adults practicing abstinence, secondary abstinence, and mutual fidelity. CRS began
implementing the Avoiding Risk, Affirming Life Program in FY05 with the aim of challenging unhealthy
sexual behaviors that increase young people's vulnerability to HIV. Since that time, the project has
expanded its geographical coverage in partnership with the Ethiopian Catholic Secretariat to cover five
diocese/vicariates (Addis Ababa, Harar in Dire Dawa Council and Oromiya Region, Meki in Oromiya
Region, Adigrat in Tigray Region, and Sodo Hosanna in SNNPR).
As of June 2007, CRS reached 88,725 young people with AB prevention messages, which far exceeded
their target. The program currently has over 1,000 peer counselors and volunteers working in churches,
schools and communities. CRS will conduct a mid-term evaluation in early FY08. Using the lessons learned
from this evaluation, CRS will make any needed implementation adjustments under FY08. During the
remaining two years of the program, CRS will focus on ensuring the sustainability of the program by
continuing to train religious leaders, parents, facilitators and peer educators. CRS will also establish and
strengthen more anti-AIDS clubs, conduct supervision monitoring visits, and continue to distribute the
information-education-communication (IEC) materials listed below. In FY08, the program plans to train an
additional 600 individuals in AB in order to reach an estimated 90,000 individuals with AB messages.
The project has three strategic approaches: 1) Training of Catholic religious leaders in HIV/AIDS,
counseling and message delivery; 2) Support to the diocesan Social and Development Coordination Offices
to scale up youth-focused HIV/AIDS prevention and support program and challenge social norms , which
contribute to the spread of HIV/AIDS; and 3) Accessing teachers, parents and in- and out-of-school youth
using large scale interactive communication methods. These methods include mass events, In Charge! - a
participatory methodology that helps youth to learn about HIV/AIDS prevention, and life skills tools such as
the Youth Action Kit developed by JHU/Health Communication Partnership in Ethiopia.
The project initiated all three strategies in three dioceses in FY05 and FY06 and expanded to two dioceses
in FY07. Three additional tools were added to strengthen targeting of parents and older adults, married
couples and teachers and other peer group leaders. The tools are: 1) We Stop AIDS, a participatory
methodology to mobilize community groups to help discuss and take action to prevent HIV/AIDS; 2) Faithful
House, a counseling tool targeting church-going young people and married couples (developed originally for
Uganda, under the Affirming Life, Avoiding Risk grant and adapted for Ethiopia); and 3) Education For Life,
an in-depth behavior modification process targeting peer counselors and other community leaders.
CRS provides technical assistance to Ethiopian Catholic Secretariat (ECS) and their Development
Coordination offices in the different dioceses. The partner provides support in developing annual workplans,
reports, and networks with other faith-based and community-based organizations. CRS supervises and
monitors program implementation and works to build the sustainability of the program.