PEPFAR's annual planning process is done either at the country (COP) or regional level (ROP).
PEPFAR's programs are implemented through implementing partners who apply for funding based on PEPFAR's published Requests for Applications.
Since 2010, PEPFAR COPs have grouped implementing partners according to an organizational type. We have retroactively applied these classifications to earlier years in the database as well.
Also called "Strategic Areas", these are general areas of HIV programming. Each program area has several corresponding budget codes.
Specific areas of HIV programming. Budget Codes are the lowest level of spending data available.
Expenditure Program Areas track general areas of PEPFAR expenditure.
Expenditure Sub-Program Areas track more specific PEPFAR expenditures.
Object classes provide highly specific ways that implementing partners are spending PEPFAR funds on programming.
Cross-cutting attributions are areas of PEPFAR programming that contribute across several program areas. They contain limited indicative information related to aspects such as human resources, health infrastructure, or key populations programming. However, they represent only a small proportion of the total funds that PEPFAR allocates through the COP process. Additionally, they have changed significantly over the years. As such, analysis and interpretation of these data should be approached carefully. Learn more
Beneficiary Expenditure data identify how PEPFAR programming is targeted at reaching different populations.
Sub-Beneficiary Expenditure data highlight more specific populations targeted for HIV prevention and treatment interventions.
PEPFAR sets targets using the Monitoring, Evaluation, and Reporting (MER) System - documentation for which can be found on PEPFAR's website at https://www.pepfar.gov/reports/guidance/. As with most data on this website, the targets here have been extracted from the COP documents. Targets are for the fiscal year following each COP year, such that selecting 2016 will access targets for FY2017. This feature is currently experimental and should be used for exploratory purposes only at present.
1. CDC, working along with MOH to continue strengthening the capacity of laboratory supervisors and train lab staff in testing issues such as: quality assurance, new technologies and tests for rapid diagnosis, special blood sampling, storage and transportation of dry blood samples DBS for HIV DNA Early Infant Diagnosis (EID), CD4 and viral load testing among others.
2. CDC will train laboratory, blood bank and administrative staff on general biosafety guidelines. These trainings will include correct discarding of sharps, infection control and waste management, continuing in 2010.
System strengthening is critical for effective and sustainable programs and is a key focus of our strategic approach. USG supports institutional strengthening of partner NGOs, CBOs and FBOs, public sector institutions and MOH service providers. It also provides TA to develop essential systems, i.e. information systems, supply chain management, health communication messages, and referral systems.
All partners agree that health sector reform success depends on trained and competent human resources, but frequent replacement of qualified staff affects all programs and underscores the need for ongoing training. This challenge is particularly critical as each change in GODR administrations tends to lead to the replacement of many trained and technical staff. As happened at the regional and provincial levels after the recent re-election of the current President. Through the Health Sector Roundtable, major international partners have discussed possible ways to engage the government in dialogue and advocate for systems that retain technical managers and personnel through political changes such as enforcing the civil service law approved in the early 1990s.
The success of the on-going health system reform will enhance the DR's ability to provide an effective HIV/AIDS response. The DR receives significant funding from external sources. The critical challenge is now for the MOH to take on its overall stewardship role, increase the national investment in health and coordinate within the decentralized health system to ensure efficient investment of resources to achieve maximum results. Recently, with broad stakeholder participation, DR developed a seven-year National Strategic Plan (PEN) and a framework for a single national M&E plan. These plans will form the basis for annual reporting meetings on PEN progress, joint program reviews, and shared program reports among GODR, stakeholders and donors, leading to increased accountability for all HIV/AIDS funding and program monitoring.
The DR's HIV/AIDS legal framework is based on a national AIDS law enacted in 1993. Over the last seven years the country has seen an increase in funding for HIV/AIDS, but stigma and discrimination are still a major barrier. Existing laws prohibit testing without consent or as an employment screening measure, but are frequently violated without penalties. PLWH are particularly affected, as they are often discriminated against with impunity. Likewise, employees are often dismissed when their employers find them to be HIV+. The economic consequences for the PLWH and their families are devastating. The AIDS law was reviewed by GODR in FY2008 but has not yet been sent to Congress.
Gender issues continue to be a significant concern in the DR. Cross-generational sex is common and young girls/women often do not feel empowered to abstain from sex or negotiate condom use. Men often report having multiple partners, sometimes including other men, so partner reduction and other prevention messaging and efforts to change social norms are critical. Violence against women, including against those who disclose positive HIV status, is a growing problem. National laws/policies against gender-based violence require revision and enforcement.
System strengthening is critical for effective and sustainable programs and is a key focus of our strategic approach. USG supports institutional strengthening of partner NGOs, CBOs, and FBOs so that these organizations will be accredited as health service providers and have access to financing by the, public sector. USG is also providing technical assistance to MOH service providers in order to improve quality of care, strengthen information and management systems, implement supply chain management and referral systems.
USG-supported health sector reform has now been taken over by GODR, with financial help from the World Bank (WB) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB). Nonetheless, USG and other donors will continue to monitor the GODR progress in this effort. The USG will continue to model improved health systems strengthening and appropriate HIV/AIDS policies to ensure appropriate implementation. The World Bank loan supporting health sector reform and social security complements USG efforts. WB and GF also leverage funds for human resource development and job stability within the civil services, as well as system strengthening. Although a civil service law was approved in the early 1990s in the DR, it is not implemented.
Recognition of HIV/AIDS as a priority concern in the uniformed services is paramount to the success of HIV prevention efforts. We will continue to provide technical assistance for the development and implementation of an HIV policy. This policy will support the strategic priorities addressed by the National Strategic Plan (NSP) and provide a favorable context for the prevention, care and treatment of HIV by addressing key concerns for the uniformed services. Some of these concerns include increase access to and use of prevention services through information, education and communication (IEC) for behavior change, VCT and condom support, implementation of improved sexually-transmitted infection (STI) control measures, and strengthened networks and support for PLWHA. Individuals who can support the quality of HIV/AIDS prevention, care and treatment in the FFAA are crucial. Capacity building to train, mentor, and supervise staff necessary for prevention, care and treatment will be addressed.