Detailed Mechanism Funding and Narrative

Details for Mechanism ID: 8746
Country/Region: Botswana
Year: 2008
Main Partner: Johns Hopkins University
Main Partner Program: NA
Organizational Type: University
Funding Agency: USAID
Total Funding: $100,000

Funding for Sexual Prevention: Abstinence/Be Faithful (HVAB): $50,000

08.P0212 Gender Initiative to Girls' Vulnerability to HIV

The PEPFAR Gender Initiative on Girls' Vulnerability to HIV is part of a set of PEPFAR special gender

initiatives. The program aims to prevent HIV infection among 13-19year-old girls, by 1) developing

innovative program interventions to successfully modify contextual factors associated with increased sexual

risk behavior and rates of HIV infection among these adolescents and 2) assessing the feasibility and

effectiveness of these interventions and their potential for sustainability, scale-up, and transferability to other

settings. Botswana, Malawi and Mozambique are the three countries selected for this Initiative.

Many PEPFAR programs reach adolescent girls through broad-reaching AB prevention activities that focus

on HIV education in church and school settings. However, these programs often do not reach those at

highest risk, who are commonly found outside of these settings. Those at highest risk often need a package

of comprehensive services, including economic strengthening activities, to meet their unique situations. In

addition, many OVC programs focus on younger children and overlook the needs of adolescent orphans,

although this latter group represents a significant proportion of all orphans. This Initiative seeks to address

these programming gaps by implementing and evaluating promising integrated models to reach highly

vulnerable adolescent girls with comprehensive services tailored to their particular needs.

The implementing agency will use a multi-component approach with a focus on the most vulnerable girls to

address the antecedents of risk. They will target the intervention according to the different types of risks

girls face, to both prevent girls from adopting risky behaviors and address the needs of girls already

engaged in risky behaviors. Program components may include the following: HIV prevention education

focused on the "ABC" approach; Non-material support for girls' continuation in, or return to, school;

Outreach and linkages with HIV-related health services as well as reproductive health services such as

pregnancy prevention; Wrap-around or direct support for training in sustainable livelihoods and/or improved

access to economic resources such as development of appropriate age- and gender-specific financial

literacy, development of savings products and related social support mechanisms, sustainable livelihoods

and/or improved access to economic resources, including government-provided entitlements and health

services; Parenting skills among parents and guardians of adolescents; for those adolescents without

parents, developing mentoring programs to ensure all adolescents have support on a continuing basis from

a caring mentor/community member; Empowerment and interpersonal skills to enable girls to adopt and/or

maintain healthy sexual behaviors, including promotion of decision-making power of young girls within

relationships, families and communities; Addressing peer influence by promoting positive group norms and

behaviors; and Addressing community social norms that help to reduce sexual coercion and exploitation

and other harmful practices contributing to girls' vulnerability.

Specific activities are TBD, pending selection of the Task Order contractor and development of the work

plan (anticipated to begin in early FY2008). Approximately 50% of the funding will come from the C/OP

program area, and 50% from the AB program area.

Funding for Sexual Prevention: Other Sexual Prevention (HVOP): $50,000


This activity was paid fully by central OGAC funds under a Gender Initiative. We have an opportunity to

provide field dollars as well, in order to increase the scope of the intervention(s) they will support under this